vain

  核心詞匯  
[ve?n]     [ve?n]    
  • adj. 自負的;徒勞的;無效的;虛榮的
vainly vainer vainest vainness
new

vain的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 自負的,自視過高的,自高自大的
  2. 徒然的,徒勞的,無結果的,枉然的
  3. 無益的
  4. 愛虛榮的
  5. 炫耀的
  6. <書>空虛的
  7. 無意義的,無價值的
  8. 無效的,沒效果的
  9. 愚蠢的
n. (名詞)
  1. 未用空間

雙解釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 自負的; 愛慕虛榮的 thinking too highly of one's appearance, abilities, etc.; conceited
  2. 徒勞的,無用的,無效的 useless or futile

英英釋義

Adjective:
  1. characteristic of false pride; having an exaggerated sense of self-importance;

    "a conceited fool"
    "an attitude of self-conceited arrogance"
    "an egotistical disregard of others"
    "so swollen by victory that he was unfit for normal duty"
    "growing ever more swollen-headed and arbitrary"
    "vain about her clothes"

  2. unproductive of success;

    "a fruitless search"
    "futile years after her artistic peak"
    "a sleeveless errand"
    "a vain attempt"

vain的用法和樣例:

例句

用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. She is vain and foolish, and yet people like her.
    她自負而愚蠢,然而人們喜歡她。
  2. She is vain of her voice.
    她自以為她的聲音了不起。
  3. They endeavoured to make her happy but in vain.
    他們盡量使她快樂,卻徒勞無功。
  4. All his father's exhortations were in vain.
    他父親的一切勸告都無效。
  5. We tried in vain to make him change his mind.
    我們想使他改變主意,結果是白費心機。
  6. The world had made him extravagant and vain.
    世俗使他變得放蕩不羈,虛榮自負。
  7. She is so vain that she can't pass a mirror without looking into it.
    她好愛虛榮,每經過一面鏡子都要照一下。

常見句型

用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. She is one of those vain people who never take others' advice.
    她屬于那種自負得從不聽別人勸告的人。
  2. I don't like a vain woman.
    我討厭愛慕虛榮的女人。
  3. He made a vain attempt to reach the drowning child.
    他試圖接近那個快淹死的小孩,但沒有成功。
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. All my efforts were vain.
    我的一切努力都白費了。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. He's very vain of his abilities.
    他對于自己的能力很自負。
It is/was+~+to- v
  1. It is vain to resist.
    抵抗是沒用的。
用作賓語補足語 S+V+O+~
  1. Too much praise can make a man vain.
    過度的贊揚會使人自負。

常用短語

用作形容詞 (adj.)
in vain
    無效果的,無用的fruitless or uselessIt was in vain that we tried to find his mother.我們百般設法找他的母親,但毫無結果。

詞匯搭配

用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+介詞

經典引文

  • All literature, art, and science are vain..if they do not enable you to be glad.

    出自: J. Ruskin
  • It is..vain to try to be other than we are.

    出自: D. M. Frame
  • The vain attempts of feminist critics to prove there is a..'women's language'.

    出自:New York Review of Books

vain的詳細講解:

詞源解說

  • ☆ 直接源自古法語的vain,意為沒有價值的;最初源自拉丁語的vanus,意為空著的。
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