suffer

  核心詞匯  
['s?f?(r)]     ['s?f?r]    
  • vt. 遭受;忍受;容忍,寬恕,聽任;允許,準許
  • vi. 受苦;患??;受損失;變差,變糟;處于不利地位
sufferingly sufferer suffered suffered suffering suffers
new

suffer的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 遭受,蒙受
  2. 經歷,經受
  3. 寬恕,原諒,聽任,任憑,忍受,容忍,忍耐
  4. 允許,準許
  5. 受痛苦,受難,受折磨
  6. 受害,受損失,受損害
  7. 受懲罰,被處決
  8. 變差,變糟

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 受痛苦; 受損害 experience pain or difficulty; be patient with
  2. vt. & vi. 忍受,承受 tolerate
  3. vt. 容許,允許 allow

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. undergo or be subjected to;

    "He suffered the penalty"
    "Many saints suffered martyrdom"

  2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);

    "She suffered a fracture in the accident"
    "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"
    "She got a bruise on her leg"
    "He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

  3. experience (emotional) pain;

    "Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers"

  4. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

    "I cannot bear his constant criticism"
    "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"
    "he learned to tolerate the heat"
    "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

  5. get worse;

    "His grades suffered"

  6. feel pain or be in pain

  7. feel physical pain;

    "Were you hurting after the accident?"

  8. feel unwell or uncomfortable;

    "She is suffering from the hot weather"

  9. be given to;

    "She suffers from a tendency to talk too much"

  10. undergo or suffer;

    "meet a violent death"
    "suffer a terrible fate"

  11. be set at a disadvantage;

    "This author really suffers in translation"

suffer的用法和樣例:

例句

用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. They suffered huge losses in the financial crisis.
    他們在經濟危機時遭受了巨大的損失。
  2. She couldn't suffer criticism.
    她受不了批評。
  3. I can suffer your treachery, but not you incompetence.
    我可以忍受你的背叛,但不能忍受你的無能。
  4. How can you suffer such insolence?
    你怎么能容忍這種蠻橫的態度?
用作不及物動詞 (vi.)
  1. I won't stand by and let him suffer like this.
    我不會袖手旁觀,讓他這樣受苦。
  2. She suffered from a liver ailment.
    她肝部有點小毛病。
  3. His business suffered greatly during the war.
    他的生意在戰爭中蒙受了重大損失。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. Men are born to suffer.
    人生來就是受苦的。
  2. We all have to suffer at some time.
    我們一生都不免有受苦的時候。
  3. “As long as I am here,I won't let the child suffer,” she said.
    她說道,“只要有我在,就不能讓孩子受苦?!?/li>
  4. He died very quickly; he didn't suffer much.
    他死得很快,沒有經受多少痛苦。
  5. They would have suffered less if we had known of it earlier.
    我們要是早一點知道這情況,他們還會少受些罪。
  6. She said that she had suffered less than her companion.
    她說她經受的苦難沒有她的同伴多。
  7. She suffered greatly as a child.
    她童年深受苦難。
  8. The war and its misery made him suffer deeply.
    這場戰爭及所造成的不幸使他深受其苦。
  9. He suffered terribly when his mother died.
    他母親去世時,他非常痛苦。
  10. I won't stand by and see them suffer like that.
    看他們受這樣的罪,我不能無動于衷。
  11. The great majority of the women there suffered in the same way.
    那兒大多數婦女都受過同樣的苦。
  12. Be careful, or our work will suffer.
    要細心,否則我們的工作要受損失。
  13. The engine suffered severely as a result.
    結果,發動機受到嚴重損壞。
  14. If he failed, his self-esteem would suffer.
    如果他失敗,他的自尊心會受到損害。
  15. He was afraid his reputation would suffer because of that.
    他擔心,他的聲譽會因此受到損害。
  16. His business suffered greatly during the war.
    戰爭期間他的業務受到巨大的損失。
  17. Your studies will suffer if you play too much football.
    你要是總踢足球,功課就糟了。
  18. He started drinking a lot and his work suffered.
    他開始酗酒后,工作就干得越來越差了。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Fortunately he suffered no pain.
    幸好他不感到疼。
  2. One of the patients was suffering shock.
    有一個病人休克了。
  3. She suffered multiple injuries in the car accident.
    她在車禍中多處受傷。
  4. They had suffered a lot of nervous strain and shock.
    他們經受了許多神經緊張和震擾。
  5. She suffered unspeakable trouble while she considered all these questions.
    她在考慮這一切問題時,心中有說不出的煩惱。
  6. He suffered the humiliation of being forced to resign.
    他蒙受了被迫辭職的羞辱。
  7. If you break the law, you must be prepared to suffer the consequences.
    你如果違犯法律,就必須準備承擔后果。
  8. He suffered all kinds of discrimination in those dark days.
    在那黑暗的年月,他受到種種歧視。
  9. He would suffer death rather than betray the secret.
    他寧死也不肯泄漏機密。
  10. He suffered defeat.
    他遭受了失敗。
  11. They suffered some major setbacks during the fighting.
    在這次戰斗中,他們遭到了嚴重挫折。
  12. The enemy suffered heavy casualty.
    敵人傷亡慘重。
  13. He could not suffer criticism.
    他不能忍受別人批評他。
  14. How can you suffer such insolence?
    你怎么能容忍這種蠻橫的態度?
  15. I should not suffer it for a moment.
    我一刻也忍受不了了。
  16. These plants cannot suffer a cold winter.
    這些植物耐不住寒冬。
  17. How can you suffer her insult?
    你怎能受得了她的侮辱?
用作賓補動詞 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. She suffered me to come nearer.
    她允許我走近一些。
  2. They suffered her to stay.
    他們容許她留下。
  3. He suffered nobody to touch his flower.
    他不允許任何人碰他的花。
  4. He suffered no fools to carry on the plan.
    他不允許蠢人進行那項計劃。
  5. We suffered the group to camp in the meadow.
    我們允許這群人在草坪上搭帳篷。
  6. I won't suffer this rudeness to overpower endurance.
    我不會讓這種無禮壓倒忍讓。
  7. He suffered himself to be caught.
    他容許他自己被捕。
  8. She won't suffer herself to be ill-treated.
    她不容許自己受虐待。
  9. You shouldn't suffer yourself to be made a fool of.
    你不該讓自己被別人愚弄。
  10. 1
  11. The prisoner was not suffered to say a word.
    該囚犯被禁止發言。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
suffer by (v.+prep.)
    因…而受罰〔苦、損〕 be worse because of sth
    suffer by sth

    They are victims who suffered by wartime disasters.

    他們是戰時災難的受害者。

    The magazine has not suffered by a change of editorship.

    這家雜志社并未因更換編輯而受到損失。

    The old method suffers by comparison.

    老方法相形見絀。

suffer for (v.+prep.)
    因…而受罰〔苦、損〕 be worse because of sth
    suffer for sth/v-ing

    You will suffer for your foolishness some day.

    總有一天,你會因你的愚蠢而受到懲罰。

    I'll make you suffer for this insolence.

    我會使你為這種傲慢態度而吃苦頭。

    She was very generous to him but she suffered for it when he ran away with all her money.

    她對他很慷慨,可是當他偷了她所有的錢潛逃時,她只能為此而受苦。

    However, you have suffered for not taking my advice.

    不管怎么說,你沒聽我的勸告,吃了苦頭。

    suffer sth for sth

    She suffers tortures for it.

    她為此而遭受折磨。

suffer from (v.+prep.)
    因…而受罰〔苦、損〕 be worse because of sth〔說明〕 suffer from作此解時通常不用于進行體。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • The man..landed wrong and suffered a compound fracture of the right thigh.

    出自: Sloan Wilson
  • Less fortunate concerns..have suffered a setback.

    出自:Scotsman
  • The discomfiture Fiddlingchild would certainly suffer when he found out exactly what..Anna was feeling.

    出自: M. Frayn
  • She had chosen to die rather than suffer recurring cancer.

    出自: A. Cross

suffer的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. suffer的基本意思是“受苦”,所受的痛苦可以是肉體上的,也可以是精神上的,也可指某人或某集體“遭受利益上的損失”。還可作“忍受,承受”“變壞〔差、糟〕”“容許,允許”等解。
  2. suffer既可用作不及物動詞,也可用作及物動詞。用作及物動詞時,常接表示不吉利的名詞(如痛苦、失敗、懲罰等)作賓語。作“忍受,承受”解時,一般用于否定句或疑問句; 作“容許,允許”解時,通常只用作賓補動詞,接動詞不定式充當賓語補足語,可用于被動結構。
  3. suffer用作不及物動詞時,常與介詞from, for, by等連用,表示“因…而受罰〔苦、損〕”。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
suffer, bear, endure, put up with, stand, tolerate
  • 參見bear條。
  • suffer, experience, experiment, sustain, undergo
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“經歷”。其區別是:
  • 1.experience指人們“經歷”過的事情,即生活中所遇到的事情或通過學習、實踐取得經驗的過程; experiment指科學家進行的試驗或為了檢驗某種效果而進行的任何活動; suffer指體驗到傷害和困苦; sustain指遭受苦難,但不一定有勇氣或堅忍精神; undergo強調被迫經受不愉快的事或苦難,也可指經歷時間。例如:
  • The Chinese people have experienced untold sufferings under imperialist oppression.在帝國主義的壓迫下,中國人民遭受了無數的苦難。
  • They experimented on electricity.他們做電學實驗。
  • He seemed to have suffered a great deal.他好像受了很多苦。
  • He has sustained a great loss by the death of his father.父親死了,他遭受了巨大損失。
  • He undergoes hardships.他備嘗艱難。
  • 2.experience通常與動詞have連用,而experiment通常與動詞do連用。
  • stand,bear,endure,tolerate,suffer,abide,withstand
  • 這些動詞均含“忍受”之意。
  • stand口語用詞,??膳chear換用,但側重指經受得起。
  • bear強調容忍,是普通用語。
  • endure書面用詞,指長時間忍受痛苦和不幸,著重體力或意志力的堅強不屈服。
  • tolerate指以自我克制的態度,對待令人反感或厭惡的東西,含默認寬容意味。
  • suffer通常指非自愿或被迫忍受各種痛苦、困難或不快,強調受到苦難。
  • abide指忍受長期的痛苦或折磨,強調耐心和屈從。多用于否定句和疑問句中。
  • withstand指因具有一定實力、權力或能力而能忍受某種情況。
  • undergo,experience,sustain,suffer
  • 這些動詞均有“經歷,經受,遭受”之意。
  • undergo多指經受艱難、痛苦、不愉快或危險等事。
  • experience指親身經受或體驗某事。
  • sustain指遭受痛苦或承受負擔。
  • suffer??膳csustain通用,尤指受到損害或傷害。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      失去學生的尊重,他很痛苦。

      He suffered from the loss of his pupil's respect.

      He suffered the loss of his pupil's respect.

      表示“遭受損失〔痛苦〕”時, suffer通常用作及物動詞,后面直接接賓語,而不必用suffer from的形式。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 13世紀初期進入英語,直接源自盎格魯法語的suffrir;最初源自拉丁語的sufferre:sub (自下而上) + ferre (提),意為從下往上托起。

    suffer的相關資料:

    近反義詞

    派生詞

    v.(動詞)
    • sufferance n. 勉強被容許地;由于勉強容許;只是由于寬容‖sufferer n. 患病者,受害者‖suffering n. 身體或心靈的痛苦,苦難;各種苦惱;折磨

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