strain

  核心詞匯  
[stre?n]     [stre?n]    
  • n. 拉緊;緊張;血統;筆調;(動植物或疾病的)品種
  • v. 拉緊;勞累;過分使用
strained strained straining strains
new

strain的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 種,品種
  2. 拉緊
  3. 張力
  4. 過勞
  5. 筆調
  6. 族,系
  7. 扭傷
  8. 傾向
  9. 氣質
  10. 語氣
  11. 緊張,緊張狀態
  12. 操心
  13. 失常
  14. 血緣,世系
  15. 情調
  16. 旋律
v. (動詞)
  1. (被)過濾
  2. 濫用,過度使用
  3. 拖緊,(被)拉緊,用力拉
  4. 伸張
  5. 竭力喊
  6. 使過勞
  7. 緊抱,緊拉,緊拖
  8. 變形
  9. 滲出
  10. 緊靠
  11. 盡力,拼命努力,使勁,竭力,盡全力
  12. 抽緊,扯緊
  13. (使)緊張,繃緊
  14. 盡量使用,盡量利用
  15. 拉,拖
  16. 扭歪,彎曲,歪曲,曲解
  17. 快要折斷
  18. 不肯接受,以為不可
  19. 盡力睜大(眼)
  20. 超越…之所及
  21. 損傷,拉傷,扭傷
  22. 使不堪承受
  23. 勉強
  24. 用力推
  25. 受困

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 拉緊 stretch tightly by pulling
  2. vt. & vi. 盡量利用; 盡全力 make the greatest use of; exert one's powers
  3. vt. & vi. 過濾 pass liquid through a loth or a network of fine wire

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces

  2. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension;

    "she endured the stresses and strains of life"
    "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"

  3. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;

    "she was humming an air from Beethoven"

  4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress;

    "his responsibilities were a constant strain"
    "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"

  5. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;

    "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"
    "he created a new strain of sheep"

  6. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;

    "a new strain of microorganisms"

  7. injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain

  8. the general meaning or substance of an utterance;

    "although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"

  9. an effortful attempt to attain a goal

  10. an intense or violent exertion

  11. the act of singing;

    "with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates"

Verb:
  1. to exert much effort or energy;

    "straining our ears to hear"

  2. test the limits of;

    "You are trying my patience!"

  3. use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity;

    "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"
    "Don't strain your mind too much"

  4. separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements;

    "sift the flour"

  5. cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;

    "he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"

  6. become stretched or tense or taut;

    "the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed;"
    "the rope strained when the weight was attached"

  7. remove by passing through a filter;

    "filter out the impurities"

  8. rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;

    "puree the vegetables for the baby"

  9. alter the shape of (something) by stress;

    "His body was deformed by leprosy"

strain的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The rope finally broke under the strain.
    繃緊的繩子終于斷了。
  2. The tugs took up the strain and the ocean liner edged away from the quayside.
    拖船開始拉緊了,遠洋客輪徐徐離開了碼頭。
  3. All her senses were on the strain when the test was going on.
    測試時,她所有的感官都處于緊張狀態。
  4. A sudden and severe strain was placed upon us by the cutting off of these supplies.
    由于供給突然被切斷,我們感到了沉重的壓力。
  5. The Germany strain in him makes him like philosophy.
    他的德意志民族的血統使得他喜歡研究哲學。
  6. He created a new strain of sheep.
    他培育出一個新的綿羊品種。
  7. Any flu epidemic is worrisome, especially when a new strain of flu bug is involved.
    任何流感大流行都令人不安,特別是當一種新型毒株介入的時候。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Too heavy a load will strain the rope to its breaking point.
    負載過重會把繩子拉緊到崩斷的地步。
  2. A warm-up is important before a run so as not to strain any muscles.
    為了避免拉傷肌肉,跑步前做做準備活動很重要。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. The sporters strained and struggled.
    運動員奮力扭動摔打。
  2. The liquid strained readily.
    這種液體容易過濾。
  3. He strained to turn the wheel, but he couldn't.
    他使勁轉動車輪子,但沒有成功。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They strained the wire between two posts.
    他們拉緊了兩根電線桿之間的電線。
  2. She strained her child to her breast.
    她把孩子緊摟在懷中。
  3. She strained her ears to hear what was happening.
    她傾聽著所發生的事。
  4. She strained her ears, but no sound reached them.
    她豎起耳朵聽,但什么也沒聽見。
  5. Don't strain your eyes by reading such small print.
    書上的字體太小,別把眼睛看壞了。
  6. He strained his voice.
    他竭力呼喊。
  7. I boiled the potatoes and then strained them.
    我把土豆煮熟后把水濾掉。
  8. 1
  9. He realized that she was too strained.
    他意識到她太緊張了。
其他
  1. The mistake has caused strained relations between the manager and his staff.
    這個錯誤造成了經理同雇員之間的緊張關系。
  2. He had a strained smile on his face.
    他臉上帶著一絲勉強的微笑。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
strain after (v.+prep.)
    竭力做某事 do one's utmost to do sth
    strain after sth/v-ing

    Read the text naturally, don't strain after effects.

    讀課文要自然,不要裝腔作勢。

    He strained after learning with all his might.

    他竭盡全力地進行學習。

strain at (v.+prep.)
    盡力拉,拼命拉 pull hard on sth so that it costs effort or pain
    strain at sth

    The crew strained at the oars to keep the boat clear of the rock.

    船員們使勁劃槳讓船避開礁石。

    The dog strains at the leash eager to be off.

    狗拼命地扯拉皮帶,想掙脫開去。

    We hoped to keep the young scientists with us, but could see that they were straining at the leash to move to better jobs.

    我們原來想讓這些年輕的科學家留下來,但發現他們都竭力想換一個更好的工作。

strain for (v.+prep.)
    使勁 exert all one's strength
    strain for sth

    Everyone strained through the darkness for some sight of shore.

    人人都極目張望,想透過黑暗看到海岸的跡象。

strain off (v.+adv.)
    濾掉(某物) to remove part of sth by passing through sth such as a cloth
    strain sth ? off

    Strain the fat off before you serve the soup.

    在上湯前把里面的油濾掉。

    When you've boiled the cabbage, strain off the water through a colander.

    你把卷心菜煮開后,用濾鍋把水濾掉。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • The starry strain of spirit, thence we are.

    出自: P. J. Bailey
  • Hoovering brings on the strain in her back.

    出自: W. Trevor
  • The bonds which strained them to the conquerors.

    出自: C. Merivale

strain的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. strain的基本意思是“拉緊”,強調過度使用、過于操勞、過于用力致使身體的某部分肌肉、器官損傷,可特指肌肉或韌帶拉傷。引申指“竭盡全力…,努力…”。
  2. strain既可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞。用作及物動詞時,可接名詞或代詞作賓語。
  3. strain接介詞at表示“拉緊”; 接for或after表示“使勁”。
  1. strain與stress的區別:過度緊張(strain)是由stress(壓力)產生的結果,而壓力stress是相鄰的物體或部分之間的相互作用,由此可導致物體形態或尺寸的改變;
  2. strain同sprain的比較:sprain(扭傷)是指腳踝或手腕瞬間扭傷的結果,而strain是肌肉用力過強或過久所導致的結果。

詞義辨析

strain,stress,pressure,tension
  • 這些名詞均有“壓力,重壓,緊張”之意。
  • strain指某人為克服外力界壓力而造成的身心和情緒等方面的壓抑。用于物時,指任何力或合力作用于一個物體上面造成的應變。
  • stress側重指承受外來的壓力,也指由于某種原因而引起的心理、生理或情緒上的緊張。
  • pressure在科學上,指單位面積上所受到的壓力。用于引申時,指某事物所產生的壓力或影響力等。
  • tension多指因關系不好或其它原因而出現的緊張狀態,也指某物被過度伸展的程度或狀態。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 1400年左右進入英語,直接源自古法語的estreindre,意為拉緊,擠壓;最初源自古典拉丁語的stringere,意為拉緊,綁緊。
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