shut

  核心詞匯  
[??t]     [??t]    
  • v. 關閉;合攏;停止
  • adj. 關閉的;停止營業的
  • n. 關閉
shut shut shutting shuts
new

shut的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 關閉
  2. 關上
  3. 關門
  4. 閉上
  5. 閉嘴
  6. 住口
  7. 隱藏
  8. 打烊
  9. 停業
  10. 關張
  11. 倒閉
  12. 把…關起來
  13. 禁閉
  14. 使停止營業
  15. 夾住
  16. 夾進
  17. 合攏
  18. 把…關在門外
  19. 排斥
  20. 關進
  21. 圍進
  22. 封閉
  23. 封鎖
  24. 停止開放
  25. 把…關住
  26. 摺起
  27. 合上
  28. 把…關住
  29. 折起
  30. 停止營業
  31. 閉合
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 關閉的
  2. 緊閉的
  3. 聲音低沉的
  4. 閉鎖音的
  5. 合攏的
  6. 關緊的
  7. 閉音節的
n. (名詞)
  1. 焊縫
  2. 關閉的時間
  3. 閉鎖
  4. 終止
  5. 完結
  6. 焊接縫
  7. 【語音】閉鎖音
  8. 【機】冷塞
  9. 封閉

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 關,關上 close; close sth

英英釋義

Adjective:
  1. not open;

    "the door slammed shut"

  2. used especially of mouth or eyes;

    "he sat quietly with closed eyes"
    "his eyes were shut against the sunlight"

Verb:
  1. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;

    "Close the door"
    "shut the window"

  2. become closed;

    "The windows closed with a loud bang"

  3. prevent from entering; shut out;

    "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"
    "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"

shut的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Please shut the door behind you.
    請關上你身后的門。
  2. The office will shut down for christmas.
    圣誕節辦公室將關閉。
  3. He decided to shut down the shop.
    他決定關閉這家商店。
  4. He shut himself away for a month to catch up on his academic work.
    他與世隔絕一個月,力圖把功課趕上去。
  5. Her mouth opened and shut, but no sound came out.
    她的嘴張開又閉上了,沒有發出聲音。
  6. He shut his eyes to her faults.
    他對她的缺點視而不見。
  7. Some coal-mines had to shut down.
    有些煤礦不得不關閉。
  8. Business is not good. He'll have to shut the shop.
    生意不好,他只得打算停業。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. She heard the bedroom window blow shut.
    她聽見臥室的窗戶被風刮關了。
  2. With the door shut, rhe room was hot and humid.
    門是關閉的,所以房間里又熱又潮。
  3. Keep your mouth shut.
    閉上你的嘴。
  4. Are all the bars shut in this town?
    這個城鎮里所有的酒吧都停止營業了嗎?
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The jaws snap shut to take a sample.
    鐵爪急速關閉以抓取樣品。
  2. Some coal-mines had to shut down.
    有些煤礦不得不關閉。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. The box shuts hard.
    這盒子很難關上。
  2. The door shuts easily.
    這門很容易關。
  3. The post office will shut at six pm.
    郵局在下午六點關門。
  4. The flowers shut quietly at night.
    花在夜晚悄悄地合上。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Shut the windows before you leave.
    走之前把窗戶關上。
  2. He shut the book and put it away.
    他把書合起來,放到一邊。
  3. She shut the umbrella and entered the house.
    她收起雨傘進入屋里。
  4. He shut his mouth and refused to say anything more.
    他閉上了嘴,什么也不說了。
  5. He was angry, shut his mouth and said nothing.
    他生氣了,閉上嘴巴什么也沒說。
  6. They shut their eyes to crime in which they did not participate.
    他們假裝沒有看見自己沒有參與過的罪行。
  7. 1
  8. Her eyes were shut.
    她的眼睛閉著。
  9. It was so late that all the shops were shut.
    太晚了,所有店門都關上了。
  10. The door is closed but not shut.
    門關著,但沒上鎖。
用作賓補動詞 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. She would shut her eyes tight.
    她把眼睛閉得很嚴。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
shut down (v.+adv.)
    完全關閉 close completely
    shut down

    The shop has shut down because of lack of trade.

    那商店因生意蕭條而停業。

    shut sth ? down

    She shut the lid down.

    她扣上了蓋兒。

    They have shut the shop down.

    他們關閉了這家商店。

    A strike has shut down several car factories.

    罷工使好幾家汽車廠停產。

    The factory was shut down for two months as a result of the strike.

    那工廠因為罷工而停工了兩個月。

shut in1 (v.+adv.)
    鎖或封在里邊 seal or lock in; enclose
    shut sb/sth ? in

    If you close that door you can shut the noise in.

    你要是關上那扇門,就聽不到吵鬧聲了。

    She feels rather shut in.

    她覺得簡直是被關禁閉。

shut in2 (v.+prep.)
    關在里邊 enclose
    shut sb/sth in sth

    She shut her finger in the door.

    她把手夾在門里了。

    Be careful not to shut your fingers in the door.

    當心,別讓門把你的手指夾住。

    She shut her clothes in the door.

    她把衣服夾在門縫里了。

    He was shut in a room.

    他被禁閉在一間屋里。

shut off (v.+adv.)
    隔絕,使不得進入 separate; isolate; prevent from coming in
    shut sth ? off

    Would you shut the electricity off, please?

    勞駕,請切斷電路好嗎?

    They have shut off the water supply.

    他們已經切斷了水源。

    We shut off the motor before we left the workshop.

    我們離開車間以前把馬達關掉了。

    The current has been shut off.

    電流切斷了。

    After the storm the electricity was shut off for several hours.

    暴風雨過后停了幾個小時的電。

    shut oneself ? off

    The girl tried to shut herself off from the world.

    那女孩企圖與世隔絕。

    We are really shut off here.

    我們這里確實是閉塞。

    They feel shut off from all human contact on this island.

    他們覺得在這個小島上與人世隔絕。

shut out (v.+adv.)
    排除,關在外邊 exclude; lock out; prevent from coming in
    shut sb/sth ? out

    You really can't shut him out so easily.

    你確實不能那樣輕易地把他拒之門外。

    He shut the cat out.

    他把貓關在外邊。

    She has tried to shut the memories out.

    她盡力排除對往事的回憶。

    Close the door and shut out that draught!

    關上門把那股穿堂風擋住!

    It's impossible to shut out all news from the outside world.

    封鎖外界的消息是不可能的。

    I can't shut out the picture of the accident.

    我不能忘卻那次事故的景象。

shut to (v.+prep.)
    不對…開放 not open to sth
    shut sb/sth to sb/sth

    Canada shut its fishing waters to the United States.

    加拿大的捕魚水域不對美國開放。

shut up (v.+adv.)
    關嚴 close completely, but not necessarily forever
    shut up

    I wish she would shut up!

    她要是安靜下來該多好!

    Shut up,I'm trying to think.

    別說了,我在想問題。

    Shut up and let me alone!

    住嘴,別管我!

    I asked them to shut up and let us listen to the radio.

    我讓他們別說話,好讓我們聽聽收音機。

    shut sb ? up

    The boy talked too much and I had to shut him up.

    這孩子話太多了,我不得不禁止他開口。

    shut sb/sth ? up

    I shut my office up and went for lunch.

    我把辦公室的門窗關好了就去吃午飯。

    It's time to shut up shop and go home.

    該打烊回家了。

    They have shut up their town house and have gone to the country for the summer.

    他們鎖好城里的房子到鄉下去過夏天了。

    The shop has been shut up temporarily.

    這家商店臨時停業了。

    The thief was shut up in prison.

    那小偷被監禁在獄中。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • He shut the gate..with a slam.

    出自: W. Cather
  • Daneel closed the door.., sliding it shut carefully.

    出自: I. Asimov
  • He..shut the door on her.

    出自: P. Carey

shut的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. shut的基本意思是“關”“關上”,指(使)由開著的狀態變為關閉的狀態,即把敞開的東西合起來或關上。強調關閉的動作、過程及采取的方法。引申可表示“夾住”。
  2. shut用作及物動詞時,接名詞或代詞作賓語,也可接由形容詞、副詞充當賓語補足語的復合賓語。用作不及物動詞時主動形式常含有被動意義。
  3. shut的過去式和過去分詞均為shut。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
shut, close
  • 這兩個詞的共同意思是“關閉”。其細微區別在于:
  • 1.close指把門等關到讓人不能出入的程度,只表示關上; 而shut指關嚴并緊緊閂住,強調與外界隔絕。例如:
  • He did not close the door when he left the room.
  • 他離開房間時沒有關門。
  • Shut the door so that the cat won't get out.
  • 把門關嚴,別讓貓跑出去。
  • The store closes at 9 p.m. every day.
  • 這家商店晚9點關門。
  • The police shut the murderer up in a cell.
  • 警方把殺人犯關進牢房。
  • 2.表示“暫不開放”用close,表示“永不開放”用shut。例如:
  • The swimming pool has closed for the winter.游泳場冬天不開放。
  • The hotel is shut.這家旅館不再開業了。
  • close,shut,slam
  • 這些動詞均有“關”之意。
  • close較多地用于正式或莊重的文體中,如關閉鐵路、公路以及其它交通渠道,要用close。
  • shut著重關閉的動作、過程和方式手段。
  • slam象聲詞,指“砰的關上”,或用力關上。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      請關掉收音機,孩子入睡了。

      Please shut off the radio.The child has gone to sleep.

      Please turn off the radio.The child has gone to sleep.

      shut的意思是“把敞開著的東西合或關起來”,當表示“把…的開關關掉”時,不可用shut off,而用turn off。

      檢查水管時,把水關上了幾個小時。

      The water was shut for several hours while the pipes were being repaired.

      The water was shut off for several hours while the pipes were being repaired.

      shut作“關掉”解時,賓語通常是門、窗等可以打開的東西; 當表示“關上”“堵住”水、氣等時,應該用shut off。

      這窗戶容易關。

      The window is shut easily.

      The window shuts easily.

      那商店晚上九點才關門。

      The shop will not be shut until 9 p.m.

      The shop will not shut until 9 p.m.

      shut作“關上”解時,可用作不及物動詞,以門、商店等作主語,這時主動形式可表示被動意義。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的scyttan,意為拴上。
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