reserve

  核心詞匯  
[r?'z??v]     [r?'z??rv]    
  • vt. 保留;預訂;延期
  • n. 候補;預備品;貯存
  • n. 含蓄;克制
reservable reserver reserved reserved reserving reserves
new

reserve的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 保留
  2. 保留地
  3. 儲備,貯藏,保存
  4. 保護區,禁獵區
  5. 儲備金
  6. 含蓄,克制, 謹慎,沉默寡言,冷淡
  7. 儲藏量
  8. 預備役軍人
  9. 候補,預備,儲備選手,備用人力
  10. 貯藏物
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 后備的,備用的,預備的
  2. 準備的
  3. 多余的
  4. 保留的,有保留的
  5. 儲備的
v. (動詞)
  1. 保留,留下,保持,留給
  2. 預訂,預約
  3. 儲備,貯藏,貯備,保存
  4. 租定
  5. 延遲作出,推遲作出
  6. 改期,推遲,延期

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 貯備; 保留 store, keep back, for a later occasion
  2. vt. 留作專用 keep for the special use of, or for a special purpose
  3. vt. 預訂 secure possession of, or the right to use
n. (名詞)
  1. [C]貯藏; 儲備 a quantity of sth kept for future use; store
  2. [C]保護區 a piece of land set aside for wild animals, plants, etc.
  3. [U]矜持,拘謹; 寡言 the quality of being reserved

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. formality and propriety of manner

  2. something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose

  3. an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced

  4. (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions

  5. a district that is reserved for particular purpose

  6. armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency

  7. the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary

Verb:
  1. hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency;

    "they held back their applause in anticipation"

  2. give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause;

    "I will earmark this money for your research"
    "She sets aside time for meditation every day"

  3. obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance;

    "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's"

  4. arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance;

    "reserve me a seat on a flight"
    "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"
    "please hold a table at Maxim's"

reserve的用法和樣例:

例句

用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. We reserve the right to lodge a claim for loss.
    我們保留要求賠償損失的權利。
  2. I have reserved a table at the restaurant.
    我已在飯店預訂了一桌菜。
  3. The court will reserve judgement.
    法庭將延期判決。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. He has played very well on the reserve side but this chance in the first team should put him on his mettle.
    他在候補隊中表現非常出色,但這次作為正式隊員參賽將對他的能力進行考驗。
  2. The army should be equipped with sufficient war reserves.
    軍隊應該得到充足的軍需儲備品。
  3. The old man keeps a large reserve of firewood for cold weather.
    這位老人貯存了大量的柴薪以備天冷時用。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. He spoke with reserve.
    他說話謹慎。
  2. The ultimate reserve was a source of his fascination and his power.
    最大限度的克制是他獲得魅力和力量的一個源泉。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We must reserve some of corn to use as seed.
    我們必須貯存一些玉米粒作種子用。
  2. I'll reserve my opinion this time.
    這次我保留個人意見。
  3. I reserve the right to make my own decision.
    我保留自己作決定的權利。
  4. Seek common ground on major questions while reserving differences on minor ones.
    求大同存小異。
  5. The judge reserved his judgement.
    法官延期判決。
  6. They reserved two rooms at a hotel.
    他們在一家旅社預訂了兩個房間。
  7. Have you reserved our plane tickets?
    我們的飛機票你訂了嗎?
  8. 1
  9. All seats are reserved.
    所有的座位必須預訂。
  10. All rights are reserved.
    版權所有。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Foreign exchange reserves jumped.
    外匯儲備大幅度增長。
  2. We must keep back a reserve of food.
    我們必須貯存一些食品。
  3. We always keep some money in reserve.
    我們總存起一些備用的錢。
  4. This area was once a wildlife reserve.
    該地區曾是一個野生動物保護區。
  5. The man was behaving with typical British reserve.
    這個男人表現出典型英國人的拘謹。
  6. She told me all about it without reserve.
    她毫無保留地告訴了我有關此事的一切。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
reserve for (v.+prep.)
    預訂 book by advance payment

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • Mother had saved..a few hundred pounds as a reserve for any emergency.

    出自: S. Unwin
  • Such remarks..draw on the reserve of early experience.

    出自: R. Gittings
  • Squeeze the lemon and reserve the juice.

    出自: C. Conran

reserve的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. reserve的基本意思是“貯存待用”。引申可作“留給”“留作專用”或“預訂”解。
  2. reserve是及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語。
  3. reserve賓語后接介詞for表示“為某人保留、預訂或留作某事之用”; reserve oneself for是“養精蓄銳以備…”的意思。
  1. 有時候reserve的使用比reservation普遍。

    I accept your statement without reservation.
    這兩句中,人們更習慣將reservation改作reserve。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
reserve, book
  • book和reserve都表示“預訂(車〔船票,戲院〕等)”,有時兩者可通用,但列車上的“老弱病殘者”座位不能用book,而只能用reserve。例如:
  • Some seats on train are reserved for the old and handicapped.列車上有些座位是留給老人和殘疾人的。
  • reserve, keep, preserve, retain
  • 這組詞都有“保存”“保留”或“保持”的意思。其區別在于:
  • 1.keep指把某一事物置于自己的權力或管理之下; retain和reserve同義,均指繼續“保持”或“保存”某事物, retain是較為正式的用語,還可指記住某事; preserve指把某物“收藏”或“保存”好。
  • 2.retain含有不失去的意味; reserve則強調繼續保持而不致失去; preserve強調防止破壞作用,要采取措施使某物完好無損或質量不變。例如:
  • His business has been taken over by a big corporation, but he still retains some control over it.他的商店被一家大公司接管了,但他仍保留部分控制權。
  • You'd better reserve your strength for tomorrow's climb.你最好留點力氣明天爬山。
  • Salt preserves food from decay.鹽能防止食物腐爛。
  • keep,retain,reserve,preserve,conserve,withhold
  • 這些動詞均有“保持,保存”之意。
  • keep最常用詞,指長時間牢固地保持或保存。
  • retain指繼續保持。
  • reserve正式用詞,指為了將來的用途或其他用途而保存、保留。
  • preserve主要指為防止損害、變質等而保存。
  • conserve一般指保存自然資源,保全人的精力、力量等。
  • withhold指扣住不放,暗示有阻礙。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀中期進入英語,直接源自古法語的reserver;最初源自拉丁語的reservare: re (往回) + servare (保持,保護),意為保持起來。

    reserve的相關資料:

    近反義詞

    【近義詞】

    臨近單詞

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