persist

  核心詞匯  
[p?'s?st]     [p?r's?st]    
  • v. 堅持;執意;繼續;持續
persister persisted persisted persisting persists
new

persist的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 堅持,固執
  2. 堅持說
  3. 持續,繼續
  4. 繼續存在,持續存在,依然存在
  5. 存留,殘留
  6. 宿存
  7. 反復說,主張
  8. 頑強地堅持
  9. 執著地做
  10. 保持
  11. 持久

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 堅持,固執 refuse to make any change in what one is doing, one's beliefs, etc.

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. continue to exist;

    "These stories die hard"
    "The legend of Elvis endures"

  2. be persistent, refuse to stop;

    "he persisted to call me every night"
    "The child persisted and kept asking questions"

  3. stay behind;

    "The smell stayed in the room"
    "The hostility remained long after they made up"

persist的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. I hope you'll persist in your efforts.
    我希望你們再接再勵。
  2. He will persist in riding that dreadful bicycle.
    他執意要騎那輛破自行車。
  3. If you persist, you will annoy them even more.
    你若固執,他們就更惱火了。
  4. If you persist in breaking the law you will go to prison.
    如果你再繼續違法的話,你會坐牢的。
  5. They persist with the agricultural reform, despite opposition from the farmers.
    他們不顧農民反對,仍繼續進行農業改革。
  6. The cold weather will persist for the rest of the week.
    這種寒冷的天氣將持續到本周末。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. On the tops of very high mountains snow persists throughout the year.
    高山頂上,積雪終年不化。
  2. The bad weather will persist all over the country.
    這種壞天氣將在全國各地持續下去。
  3. His strength of will enabled him to persist.
    他的意志力使他能堅持下去。
  4. The tendency still persists.
    這種傾向一直存在。
用作及物動詞 S+~+that-clause
  1. He persisted that he (should) walk there.
    他堅持要步行去那里。
  2. He persisted that he did the work alone.
    他堅持他一個人做那件事。
  3. She persisted that she was strong enough to go back to work.
    她反復地說她身體已經好了,可以去上班了。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
persist in (v.+prep.)
    堅持 keep on sth with patience
    persist in sth/v-ing

    Why does the boy persist in his some trouble behaviour?

    這個男孩怎么老在搗亂?

    He persists in his bad habit.

    他仍然改不掉壞習慣。

    She persisted in her opinion.

    她固執己見。

    They persisted in going there in spite of the bad weather.

    盡管天氣很壞,他們還是堅持去那里。

    She persisted in singing although I asked her not to.

    盡管我叫她別唱歌,她還是堅持要唱。

    Most of them persist in setting strict demands on themselves.

    他們大多數人堅持嚴格要求自己。

    He persists in reading in bed.

    他偏要在床上看書。

    We must persist in doing what is right and correct what is wrong.

    我們要堅持對的,改正錯的。

    Dan persisted in making things hard for me.

    丹老是與我作對。

    This line of conduct, if persisted in, could only get him deeper into debt.

    他要是堅持這樣干下去,只會在債務中陷得更深。

persist with (v.+prep.)
    堅持… keep on sth with patience
    persist with sth

    The salesman is still persisting with his demands.

    那店員仍在堅持他的要求。

    He persisted with his interrogation.

    他一直在堅持問此事。

    She persisted with her work.

    她堅持做她的工作。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • Why do you persist in writing such things?

    出自: J. London
  • The dogs were fierce..but he persisted.

    出自: A. Paton
  • Rutland..had already once refused, and did so again; still Pulteney persisted.

    出自: L. Namier
  • Having bound themselves by marriage, they persist with it.

    出自: M. Bradbury

persist的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. persist的基本意思是盡管遭到反對,受到警告或遇到失敗,還是固執地堅持自己的信念、行為,導致令人遺憾的后果,用于不好或不正確的一面。
  2. persist一般用作不及物動詞,有時也可用作及物動詞。作及物動詞時,可接that從句,意思是“繼續說,堅持說,反復說”。若表示“堅持該怎么做”時,從句的謂語動詞要用虛擬語氣,即(should)+動詞原形; 作不及物動詞時,可表示盡管有不利條件,非常艱難,但還頑強地繼續存在。persist與in而不與on連用,與in連用,表示“堅持繼續做某事”, in后可接 v -ing; 與with連用,表示“堅持…”。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
persist, insist, stick to
  • 三者都可作“堅持”解。其區別在于:
  • 1.insist常用于堅持意見、看法、主張等; persist一般用于堅持行動,偶爾用于對某種意見堅持不變; 而stick to多用于堅持原則、計劃、決定、諾言、意見等。例如:
  • I insist on telling him how great you are.我一定要告訴他你是多么了不起。
  • I persisted that we should walk there.我堅持我們步行去。
  • Jack always sticks to his promise.杰克總是信守自己的諾言。
  • 2.insist后接介詞on+名詞或動名詞,也可接that從句; 而persist后接介詞in〔with〕加名詞或動名詞構成的短語,而不接不定式。例如:
  • He insisted on trying again, regardless of the consequences.他不顧后果,執意要再試一試。
  • He persisted in saying so.他堅持這樣說。
  • persist, last, survive
  • 這組詞的共同含義是“持續存在”。其區別是:
  • survive指繼續生存,有時含有經歷艱險之義; persist可以指人持續超過了預料的時間,也可以指堅持,還可指令人厭惡地持續; last專指繼續存在,而這種存在并不是當然的,往往附有表明時間長短的狀語。
  • insist,persist,persevere,adhere,cling
  • 這些動詞均有“堅持”之意。
  • insist通常用于對意見、主張等的堅持。
  • persist用于褒義指堅持繼續做某事,但更常用于貶義,指不聽勸告,頑固堅持。
  • persevere含褒義,強調堅持不懈的努力。
  • adhere與to連用,指堅持意見、計劃或承諾等,含堅持不懈之意。
  • cling和to連用,指對信仰、意見、習慣等的堅持。
  • persist,last,endure,continue
  • 這些動詞均含有“持續”之意。
  • persist強調超過了指定的或正常的時間。
  • last著重存在的時間相當長,超過正常的或所期望的時間。
  • endure與last同義,但還指經受住,有能耐忍受而并不受損。
  • continue多指過程,強調持續而無終止,常含不間斷之意。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 16世紀30年代進入英語,直接源自中古法語的persister;最初源自古典拉丁語的persistere:per- (徹底地) + sistere (停頓,站著不動),意為堅持。

    persist的相關資料:

    近反義詞

    【近義詞】
    【反義詞】

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