lobby

  擴展詞匯  
['l?bi]     ['lɑ?bi]    
  • n. 大廳;民眾接待廳;游說議員者
  • v. 游說
lobbyer lobbies lobbied lobbied lobbying lobbies
new

lobby的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [U]前廳,廳堂 porch;entrance-hall;ante-room
  2. [C]游說議員的團體 a group of people who try to persuade a member of parliament, senator, etc. to support certain actions
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 游說 meet (a member of parliament) in order to persuade sb to support one's actions and needs, especially by suggesting a new law

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a large entrance or reception room or area

  2. the people who support some common cause or business or principle or sectional interest

  3. a group of people who try actively to influence legislation

Verb:
  1. detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors

lobby的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. I waited for her in the lobby of theatre yesterday.
    昨天我在戲院的大廳等她。
  2. The film star held court in the hotel lobby.
    這位電影明星在旅館的大廳里接見了影迷。
  3. The anti-nuclear lobby is becoming stronger.
    向議員游說的反核群眾聲勢漸強。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. The group tried to lobby the bill through.
    這個集團企圖通過游說議員通過該項法案。
  2. Farmers will lobby Congress for higher subsidies.
    農民將游說國會提高對農業的補貼。
  3. We should do something to lobby for higher subsidies.
    我們應做點事情去為增加補助金而游說當權者。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Mary is in the lobby of Grand Hyatt Hotel.
    瑪麗現在在凱悅飯店大廳。
  2. An agricultural lobby is against a law to allow importing cotton from Egypt.
    農業界院外集團,反對透過一項允許從埃及進口棉花的法律。
  3. The clean-air lobby are〔is〕 against the plans for the new factory.
    空氣清潔運動團體反對設立新工廠的計劃。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. The ecologists lobbied powerfully on the anti-nuclear issue.
    生態學家們就反對使用核能問題展開了強有力的游說活動。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A group of people have been lobbying Members of Parliament to draw their attention to these problems.
    一群人一直在游說議員,以引起他們對這些問題的注意。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
lobby against (v.+prep.)
    游說當權者不要通過(某項法案等);通過政治活動、寫信等防止(某事) try to persuade people in power not to approve (sth such as a law)
    lobby against sth

    They are actively lobbying against the bill.

    他們正在積極游說議員,以阻止通過該項法案。

    The cotton farmers from the South lobbied against a law to allow importing cotton from Egypt.

    南方的棉農對議員進行游說,反對通過一項準許從埃及進口棉花的法律。

    Hunters and other sportsmen have been lobbying against intended changes in the gun laws.

    獵人及其他愛好運動的人已采取行動來打消政府修改槍械法的意圖。

lobby for (v.+prep.)
    疏通,游說當權者批準(某處法案)或采取(某種活動);試圖通過游說或疏通活動獲得(某物) try to persuade people in power to approve (sth such as a law) or take (action); try to obtain (sth) by political action, writing letter, etc.
    lobby for sth

    They are actively lobbying for the bill.

    他們正在為使議案通過而積極游說議員。

    They are lobbying for a reduction in defence spending.

    他們正在為減少國防開支而游說議員。

    Concerned groups have recently been lobbying for increased government support for the arts.

    有關團體近來一直在游說政府,要求加強對文藝界的支持。

lobby through1 (v.+adv.)
    通過政治活動使(法案等)得以通過 reach or obtain (sth such as a law) by political action
    lobby sth ? through

    The group tried to lobby the bill through.

    這個集團企圖施加影響使該項法案得以通過。

    In spite of opposition from the other parties, the changes in the law have been lobbied through.

    盡管其他黨派表示反對,但該法律的修正案還是通過了。

lobby through2 (v.+prep.)
    通過政治活動使(法案等)得以通過 reach or obtain (sth such as a law) by political action
    lobby sth through sth

    These businessmen have been lobbying a bill through the Senate.

    這些商人一直在游說議員通過該項議案。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
形容詞+~ 名詞+~ 介詞+~
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • In the lobby of the officers' club the wives were having a whist drive.

    出自: G. Markstein
  • I chanced to be in the lobby of the theatre between acts.

    出自: J. Thurber
  • Abroad, all Access/Visa can do is lobby their international organisations..for a ban.

    出自:Which?
  • Write to the papers, organize petitions, lobby relatives, complain to the Governor.

    出自: A. Brien

lobby的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. lobby用作名詞的基本意思是“前廳,廳堂”,也可指英國下議院中,國會議員接待民眾的會客廳或議員前往投票的兩條通道之一。引申可表示“游說團”“說客”,作此解時是可數集合名詞,其單數形式用作主語時謂語動詞可用單數形式也可用復數形式。
v. (動詞)
  1. lobby的基本意思是“(游說議員)使議案得到通過等”,其后常接介詞for, against或副詞through等。
  2. lobby可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞。作及物動詞時,接名詞或代詞作賓語。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
lobby, dissuade, persuade
  • 這組詞都可以表示“使某人相信或同意”。其區別是:
  • lobby特指游說議員而使議案得以通過;persuade的意思是“說服”,指通過情感、意愿等辦法說服某人從而去做所希望的事。dissuade的意思是“勸阻”,意指通過勸說讓某人別干某件冒險、不明智或預計產生不良后果的事。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 16世紀30年代進入英語,直接源自中世紀拉丁語的lobia,意為門廳,門廊。
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