live

  基本詞匯  
[l?v]     [l?v]    
  • v. 活著;居??;過著
  • adj. 活的;直播的;現場的;帶電的;燃燒著的;當前的
  • adv. 現場
liveness lived lived living lives
new

live的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 活著,活
  2. 居住
  3. 生存
  4. 生活,過日子
  5. 實踐,經歷
  6. 享受人生
  7. 繼續存在,繼續活
  8. 未婚同居,姘居
  9. 以食…為生
  10. 過(...的生活)
  11. 度過
  12. 做人,處世
  13. 存留,留存
  14. 表現
  15. 實行
  16. 銘記
  17. 以…為生
  18. 使活現
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 活的,有生命的
  2. 未爆炸的
  3. 燃著的
  4. 通著電流的
  5. 實況播送的
  6. 真的
  7. 活生生的
  8. 活潑的,有精神的,生氣勃勃的
  9. 目前大家感覺興趣的
  10. 當前的
  11. 能開動的,傳動的,動力發動的
  12. 隨時可用的
  13. 含乳酸菌的
adv. (副詞)
  1. 現場,從現場,以直播方式

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vi. 活,生存 remain alive
  2. vi. 居住;住 have one's home;dwell
  3. vi. 繼續存在,留存 remain in existence;survive
  4. vt. 以某種方式生活 conduct one's life in a specified way
adj. (形容詞)
  1. [A]活的,有生命的 having life
  2. 真正的 actual
  3. 燃燒著的 (of lighted coal or wood) still burning
  4. 帶電的 carry free electricity which can shock anyone who touches it
  5. 有爆炸力的;隨時可用的 not yet exploded or lit;ready for use
  6. 當前重要的 of interest or importance at the present time
  7. 現場直播的,實況轉播的 (of broadcasting) seen or heard as it happens
adv. (副詞)
  1. 實地,從現場,以直播方式 broadcast, played or recorded at an actual performance, etc. without being edited

英英釋義

Adjective:
  1. actually being performed at the time of hearing or viewing;

    "a live television program"
    "brought to you live from Lincoln Center"
    "live entertainment involves performers actually in the physical presence of a live audience"

  2. exerting force or containing energy;

    "live coals"
    "tossed a live cigarette out the window"
    "got a shock from a live wire"
    "live ore is unmined ore"
    "a live bomb"
    "a live ball is one in play"

  3. possessing life;

    "the happiest person alive"
    "the nerve is alive"
    "doctors are working hard to keep him alive"
    "burned alive"
    "a live canary"

  4. highly reverberant;

    "a live concert hall"

  5. charged with an explosive;

    "live ammunition"
    "a live bomb"

  6. elastic; rebounds readily;

    "clean bouncy hair"
    "a lively tennis ball"
    "as resilient as seasoned hickory"
    "springy turf"

  7. abounding with life and energy;

    "the club members are a really live bunch"

  8. in current use or ready for use;

    "live copy is ready to be set in type or already set but not yet proofread"

  9. of current relevance;

    "a live issue"
    "still a live option"

  10. charged or energized with electricity;

    "a hot wire"
    "a live wire"

  11. capable of erupting;

    "a live volcano"
    "the volcano is very much alive"

Adverb:
  1. not recorded;

    "the opera was broadcast live"

Verb:
  1. inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of;

    "People lived in Africa millions of years ago"
    "The people inhabited the islands that are now deserted"
    "this kind of fish dwells near the bottom of the ocean"
    "deer are populating the woods"

  2. lead a certain kind of life; live in a certain style;

    "we had to live frugally after the war"

  3. continue to live through hardship or adversity;

    "We went without water and food for 3 days"
    "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"
    "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"
    "how long can a person last without food and water?"

  4. support oneself;

    "he could barely exist on such a low wage"
    "Can you live on $2000 a month in New York City?"
    "Many people in the world have to subsist on $1 a day"

  5. have life, be alive;

    "Our great leader is no more"
    "My grandfather lived until the end of war"

  6. have firsthand knowledge of states, situations, emotions, or sensations;

    "I know the feeling!"
    "have you ever known hunger?"
    "I have lived a kind of hell when I was a drug addict"
    "The holocaust survivors have lived a nightmare"
    "I lived through two divorces"

  7. pursue a positive and satisfying existence;

    "You must accept yourself and others if you really want to live"

live的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. People cannot live without air.
    沒有空氣,人們就不能生存。
  2. After she died he had nothing to live for.
    她去世后,他便沒有了生活目標。
  3. He's a tramp and used to living rough.
    他是流浪漢,慣于風餐雨臥。
  4. Where do you live?
    你住在哪兒?
  5. Many elderly people live an idle life.
    許多老年人過著悠閑的生活。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. The cat is playing with a live mouse.
    貓在戲弄那只活老鼠。
  2. It wasn't a recorded show, it was live
    這不是錄音表演, 這是現場轉播。
  3. A live band is always a good draw at a party.
    現場演奏的樂隊在聚會上總是很吸引人的。
  4. The electrician killed the live circuit.
    那位電工切斷了通電電路。
  5. We cooked the steak over live coals.
    我們在燃燒著的炭上煎牛排。
  6. Pollution is still very much a live issue.
    污染現象仍然是當前的大問題。
用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. The landing on the moon was telecast live.
    現場轉播了登月行動。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. The coal miner was so seriously injured that he might not live till morning.
    這個煤礦工人的傷勢很重,也許活不到早晨。
  2. The child was still living when the doctor arrived.
    醫生到來的時候,孩子還活著。
  3. They lived happily ever after.
    后來,他們生活得很愉快。
  4. Don't live wastefully.
    生活切莫鋪張浪費。
  5. I cannot afford to live expensively.
    我過不起闊綽的日子。
  6. Give up your arms and live!
    繳槍不殺!
  7. She lives about ten miles from my house.
    她的住處離我家約10英里遠。
  8. As long as I live, the bridge lives.
    人在,橋就在。
  9. In the animal world the strong live while the weak die.
    在動物世界里,強者生存,弱者滅亡。
S+~+to- v
  1. He did not live to finish the work.
    他沒活到完成這項工作。
  2. He didn't live to see his son back from the battle.
    他沒有活到看見兒子打仗回來。
  3. Without the doctor,I could not have lived to see today's happiness.
    沒有醫生,我就不能過上今天的幸福生活。
There lives〔lived〕...
  1. There lived an old hunter in that small hut.
    在那間小屋里住過一位年老的獵人。
  2. Once there lived an old fisherman in a village by the sea.
    從前,海邊的一個村子里住著一位老漁夫。
用作系動詞 S+~+ n.
  1. He lived a lonely man.
    他一生孤獨。
  2. She lived a virgin.
    她守身如玉,終身不嫁。
  3. He lived and died a bachelor.
    他終生未娶。
S+~+ adj.
  1. He lived invisible all his life.
    他一生謝絕來客,不愿拋頭露面。
  2. The flowers will live longer if you put them in water.
    如果你把這些花養在水里,它們就活得久些。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. A nation can't live isolated.
    一個國家不能閉關自守。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I lived a happy life.
    我過著幸福的生活。
  2. He lived a simple life.
    他過著儉樸的生活。
  3. He lived a life of luxury all his life.
    他一生過著奢侈的生活。
  4. John lives a life of ease and idleness.
    約翰過著閑適的生活。
  5. He lived the life of a Christian.
    他過著基督徒的生活。
  6. Up the sixty he had lived the life of a young man.
    一直到60歲,他還過年輕人的生活。
  7. He lived his belief.
    他實踐自己的信仰。
  8. He lived an unforgettable hour that seemed a lifetime.
    他度過了難以忘懷的時刻,好像過了一輩子似的。
  9. None of the others have lived my experience.
    別人都不曾有過我這樣的經歷。
  10. He had lived what he narrated.
    他講的那些事,他都親身經歷過。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. That is a live fish.
    那是條活魚。
  2. There is a dead fish among all the live ones.
    在所有這些活魚中,有一條死魚。
  3. It is usual that live fishes are sold in market.
    在市場里出售活魚是常有的事。
  4. Have you ever seen a live whale?
    你看見過活鯨魚嗎?
  5. He has never seen a live tiger.
    他從沒見過一只活老虎。
  6. You won't see live animals in a museum.
    在博物館里你不會看見活的動物。
  7. The cat was playing with a live mouse.
    這只貓在跟一只活老鼠玩。
  8. Look!A real live elephant!
    看啊!活生生的一頭大象!
  9. We saw a real live rattlesnake!
    我們看到一條真的響尾蛇!
  10. They found a live bomb in the valley.
    他們在山谷里發現一枚未爆炸的炸彈。
  11. There is a live match on the desk.
    桌子上有未用過的火柴。
  12. Pollution is still very much a live issue.
    污染現象仍然是當前的大問題。
  13. We cooked the steak over live coals.
    我們是把牛排放在燃燒的煤上烤的。
  14. We managed to record the whole of the concert from a live studio broadcast.
    我們設法把實況轉播的音樂會完全錄了下來。
  15. We saw a live TV broadcast of the volleyball match.
    我們看到了那場排球賽的實況電視轉播。
  16. They gave a live broadcast while the sports event was in process in the sports ground.
    體育比賽在體育場進行時,他們做了現場直播。
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. The rope is live.
    這根繩子是帶電的。
  2. Be careful, this wire is live.
    當心,這根電線有電。
  3. It wasn't a recorded show,it was live.
    那不是一場錄音演出,而是實況轉播。
用作副詞 (adv.)
用作狀語
  1. The show is going out live.
    這場演出正在進行實況轉播。
  2. The concert will be broadcasted live.
    演奏會將現場直播。
  3. The president's speech was broadcasted live.
    總統的演說是現場直播的。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
live after( v.+prep. )
    在(某事結束或某人死后)繼續存在 continue or last after the end of sth or death of sb
    live after sb/sth

    The good he did will live after him.

    他生前做的好事將永留人世。

    The acts of good men live after them in our memories.

    好人謝世后,他們的行為舉止長久地留在我們的記憶里。

    His reputation will live long after his death.

    他將英名長存。

live among( v.+prep. )
    在…中生活 make one's home in an area populated by (a certain kind of people)
    live among sb

    After living among the natives for twenty years, the painter forgot his own language and civilized ways of life.

    那位畫家在當地人中生活了20年之后,忘了自己的語言,并忘記了文明的生活方式。

    I lived among the Masai people for many years, but I failed to learn their language.

    我在馬薩依族人中生活了多年,但沒能學會他們的語言。

live and learn
    活到老,學到老;不經一事,不長一智 learn sth new;learn by experience
live and let live
    待人容忍;待人寬容如待己 accept one's behaviour;be tolerant
live apart( v.+adv. )
    分居 (of a married person or pair) live separately although remain married
    live apart

    After their worst quarrel,Jim and Mary wondered if they should live apart for a time to try to improve their relationship.

    吉姆同瑪麗大鬧了一場之后,他們考慮是否應當分開一段時間以改善關系。

    live apart from sb

    After Jane had been living apart from Fair for six months, she decided to return to him.

    簡和費爾分居6個月后,決定回到他身邊。

live at( v.+prep. )
    住在 have one's home at
    live at sth

    No one lives at the corner of the street now, it's all shops and offices.

    現在沒有人在那個街角上住了,那里都是商店和辦事機構。

    I lived at 29 Celebration Street,Nairobi, for many years.

    我在內羅畢典禮街29號住了許多年。

    When the house was damaged by fire, we had to live at the Grand Hotel for several weeks.

    房子被燒毀了,我們只得在格蘭德旅館里住了幾個星期。

    We then lived at Norwood Road, but now we live at Fleet Street.

    我們原來住在諾伍德路,但現在住在艦隊街。

live beyond( v.+prep. )
    住在遠于或過了(某處)的地方 have one's home in a place further distant than (somewhere)
    live beyond sth

    The farmer's family live(s) beyond the next valley.

    過了下一個山谷就是那個農民的家。

live by( v.+prep. )
    以…謀生 earn one's living by (doing) sth
    live by sth/v-ing

    They live by honest labour.

    他們靠誠實勞動生活。

    He was never serious with any trade. He lived by his wits.

    他對哪一行都不認真,他靠小聰明過日子。

    He lives by begging.

    他以乞討為生。

    The people in that small town are very poor;they probably live by taking in one another's washing.

    那個小鎮上的居民很貧窮,他們可能靠彼此相助而生活。

live down( v.+adv. )
    使人忘記… cause people to forget or forgive (sth bad or foolish in one's past) by improved behaviour, directing their attention elsewhere, etc.
    live sth ? down

    It will be difficult to live down this humiliation.

    很難忘記這樣的恥辱。

    After his release from prison, he vowed to live down his crimes.

    出獄后,他立誓悔過自新,使人忘記他的罪行。

    It will be a long time before you live down that foolish mistake.

    你雖然改正錯誤,也得經過很長一段時間,人們才會忘掉你那愚蠢的過去。

    Twenty years later, his family are still trying to live the scandal down.20

    年過去了,他的一家仍在努力使人們忘記那件丑聞。

live for( v.+prep. )
    為…而生活,以…為生活目的 remain alive for (a length of time);have as one's main reason or interest in life
    live for sth

    Both boys just live for football.

    那兩個男孩只想著足球。

    She lives for her work.

    她一心想著自己的工作。

    I live for the day when I retire.

    我向往著退休的那一天。

    He says that he has nothing to live for since his wife died.

    他說,自妻子去世后,他已沒有生活樂趣可言。

live in1( v.+adv. )
    住在學習或工作的地方 live in the same place as where one works or studies
    live in

    The servants live in.

    仆人們寄宿在主人家。

    Where can we find a cook who will live in?

    現在哪里能雇到愿在雇主家住宿的廚師?

    Jack decided to live in during his freshman year at college.

    杰克決定大一時住校。

    Did you live in or live out when you were at college?

    你上大學時是住校還是走讀?

    Students of this college are expected to live in.

    這個學院要求學生住校。

live in2( v.+prep. )
    住在(某地);存在于…;為…而生存 make one's home (in a place or building);be able to exist in sth or because of sb
    live in sth

    I've been living in this city since my family moved here twenty years ago.

    自從20年前我家搬到這里以來,我一直住在這個城市。

    I'd like to go to the country and live in a small way.

    我想去鄉下過簡樸、安靜的生活。

    She indeed lives in a fool's paradise as she always dreams about making a huge fortune overnight.

    她總想頃刻間大發橫財,的確有點想入非非。

    live sth in sth

    What a wretched life they lived in the workhouse!

    他們住在濟貧院里,過的生活真悲慘!

    In the summer camp, children live the life of the collective.

    在夏令營里,孩子們過集體生活。

live it down
    忘記;原諒 forget;forgive
live it up
    〈非正〉縱情歡樂;奢侈浪費 enjoy oneself (through excessive spending〔indulgence〕)
live off( v.+prep. )
    以…為食;以…為生 eat (certain food);make a life by depending on sb/sth
    live off sb/sth

    They live off the land.

    他們以農產品為食。

    These animals with long necks live off the leaves of tall trees.

    這些長頸動物以高大樹木的葉子為食。

    Thousands of waterfowl breed round the lake and live off the fish.

    數以千計的水鳥在湖邊繁殖,靠魚來生存。

    He lives off fruit and nuts.

    他靠水果和堅果維持生命。

    Since he lost his job, he's been living off his parents.

    自從失業以后,他一直靠父母生活。

    I live off the money from my first book.

    我靠出第一本書所得的錢過活。

    I don't know how she manages to live off her painting.

    我不知道她怎么能以畫畫為生。

    The family was in such difficult straits they were living off welfare.

    這家人處境十分窘迫,只能靠福利救濟過日子。

live on1( v.+adv. )
    繼續活著;繼續存在 continue to live;continue to exist, often for a long time
    live on

    Now our monthly income is more than enough to live on.

    現在,我們每月的收入除了維持生活,還有多余。

    He's ninety, but still he lives on.

    他90歲了,還健在。

    The boy lived on for a week after the heart transplant.

    心臟移植手術后,這孩子還活了一個星期。

    The old people died but the young ones lived on.

    老人死了,但年輕人都繼續活著。

    He lived on in spite of the accident.

    盡管出了事故,他還是活下來了。

    He will die, but his fame will live on after him.

    他雖然會死去,但他的名聲會在他死后繼續傳揚。

    The composer's works will always live on.

    這位作曲家的作品永遠留在人間。

    This custom will live on for centuries.

    這種風俗習慣還會流傳若干世紀。

    The scientist's name will live on from generation to generation.

    這位科學家的名字將流芳百世。

live on2( v.+prep. )
    以…為食;靠…為生 eat (certain food);live a life depending on (sb/sth)
live out( v.+adv. )
    度過(某一段時間);過(某種生活) live to the end of (a period of time);live a certain sort of life
    live out

    The servants live out.

    仆人不在主人家寄宿。

    Some of the students have rooms in their college, but most have to live out as there isn't room for them all.

    有些學生住在學校里,但是多數學生都得住在校外,因為校內容納不下全部學生。

    Students can live out if they wish.

    如果學生們愿意,他們可在學院外寄宿。

    live out sth

    He is seriously ill.I'm afraid he cannot live out one more week.

    他已病入膏肓,恐怕活不到一周了。

    I doubt if she'll live out the winter.

    我懷疑她是否能熬過這一冬。

    Don't bother me,O.K.?Just let me live out my life in peace and in private.

    別打擾我了,好不好?就讓我一個人安安寧寧地度過后半輩子吧。

    My family lived out the earthquake, but our house was destroyed.

    我們一家在地震中劫后余生,但房子卻毀了。

    Her success enabled her to live out her wildest fantasies.

    她的成功使她得以實現自己的狂想。

live out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
    從…取食 take one's food from (a container such as a tin)
live over1( v.+adv. )
    重新過(某種日子) relive (sth)
    live over sth

    The old man keeps living over his memories.

    那位老人常在心中重溫往日的經歷。

    live over

    If I had my life to live over,I'd do the same again.

    假如我能從頭再生活一次的話,我仍然會這樣做的。

live over2( v.+prep. )
    住在高于…的地方 make one's home on top of or at a higher level that (sth such as a place)
    live over sth

    The owners live over the shop.

    老板們住在商店的上頭。

live through( v.+prep. )
    經歷過;經歷…而未死 remain alive during and in spite of (difficulty);experience
    live through sth

    He has lived through two world wars.

    他經歷過兩次世界大戰。

    He had lived through the worst years of the depression.

    他經歷過大蕭條期間最艱苦的那幾年。

    They lived through the long famine.

    他們經歷了漫長的饑荒而未死。

    Can he live through the night?

    他能活得過今夜嗎?

    I couldn't live through another day like that.

    照這樣我一天也熬不下去了。

    I don't think he'll manage to live through another bad winter.

    我認為他不能再熬過一個嚴冬了。

    I don't know how I lived through the last week, waiting for the result.

    我不知道我是怎樣在等待結果中度過上一周的。

    He was among the few who managed to live through the experiences in the enemy prison camp.

    活著離開戰俘集中營的人很少,他是其中的一個。

live to( v.+prep. )
    活到 live as long as (a certain age)
    live to sth

    Many people have a wish to live to old age.

    許多人想長壽。

    My grandfather lived to a great age.

    我爺爺活到高齡。

    He lived to the ripe age of 90.

    他活到90高齡。

    Not many people live to a hundred.

    很少人活到一百歲。

live to oneself
    離群索居 live alone without the desire for company;not try to be friendly
live together( v.+adv. )
    住在一起;(通常指異性)同居 exist at the same time or in the same place;live as if married
    live together

    Now they are living happily together with the Han.

    現在他們和漢族人愉快地生活在一起。

    I hear Jane and Bill are living together.

    我聽說簡和比爾現在同居了。

    How long have they been living together?

    他們已經同居多久了?

    Increasing numbers of young people choose to live together rather than to marry.

    越來越多的青年人選擇未婚同居而不是結婚。

live under( v.+prep. )
    在…的控制下生活 be controlled by (a power)
live up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
    實行;履行 put (one's faith, principles, etc.) into practice
live well( v.+adv. )
    過道德的生活 live in a moral manner
live with( v.+prep. )
    自重,保持自尊心 keep self-respect
    live with sb

    She lived in the village with her grandparents as cheerful as a lark.

    她同祖父母一起住在鄉間非??旎?。

    Dogs and cats cannot live with each other in the same house.

    貓和狗不能共同生活在一幢房子里。

    The girl with whom he had been living for two years suddenly packed her bags and left.

    這姑娘和他同居了兩年,突然收拾起行李走掉了。

    live with sb/sth

    It was very difficult when she first lost her hearing, but she has learnt to live with it.

    她最初失去聽覺的時候,感到非常困難,但是現在她已經慢慢適應了。

    Powerful nations must learn to live with each other in peace.

    強國必須學會和睦相處。

    Whether you like it or not, you will have to live with the new tax law.

    不管你喜歡與否,你得接受新稅法。

    I don't like the noise of these jet aircraft, but I've learnt to live with it.

    我討厭這些噴氣飛機發出的噪音,但我已學會去忍受它了。

    I don't like the winter, but we all have to live with it.

    我不喜歡過冬天,但我們還不都得過嗎?

    You must live with the fact that you are no longer as strong as you were.

    你必須承認,你已經不像過去那么健壯了。

    You have to live with the fact that you've lost all your money.

    你不得不接受你丟了所有的錢這個事實。

    It's hard to live with the knowledge that you are a failure.

    你知道你已失敗,這是很難受的。

    live with oneself

    Would he be able to live with himself later?

    他以后還能保持自尊心嗎?

live within( v.+prep. )
    住在…內 live inside (the limit of an area)
    live within sth

    If you live within the city border, you pay higher taxes.

    如果你住在城里,就得繳納更多的稅款。

    They live within easy reach of London.

    他們住在離倫敦很近的地方。

live without( v.+prep. )
    在沒有…的情況下生活;少…也可以生活 find it possible to go on existing in spite of lacking (sb/sth)
    live without sb/sth

    She tried for a little while to live without him but couldn't.

    她曾一時試圖脫離他獨自生活,但發現那是過不下去的。

    Plants can't live without moisture.

    沒有水分,植物不能生長。

    We can live without clothes, but food and drink are essential to life.

    沒有衣服我們可以生存,但是食物和水是維持生命必不可少的。

    We may live without books, music, and art, but our lives would be poorer.

    沒有書籍,沒有音樂,沒有藝術,我們也可以活下去,但那樣的生活就更為貧乏了。

用作形容詞 (adj.)
live wire
    生龍活虎的人,精力充沛而有生氣的人 sb who is energetic〔enthusiastic〕

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞
用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞
用作副詞 (adv.)
動詞+~

經典引文

  • We had got used to Father looking like a live scarecrow.

    出自: P. Theroux
  • She had only two more years to live.

    出自: H. Bailey

live的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. live的基本意思是“居住,住”,引申可作“活,生存”“以某種方式生活”“繼續存在,留存”“享受生活”等解。
  2. live可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞。用作及物動詞時通常接同源賓語,有時也接experience等和動詞不同源的詞,表示“過…的生活,有…的實踐或經歷”。
  3. live也可用作系動詞,意思是“活著”,常接形容詞作表語。
  4. live可如be般用于存在句(There...),位于there之后,主語之前,其人稱和數應與主語一致。
  5. live后接副詞on表示“繼續活下去”;接介詞on則表示“以…為食”“靠…生活”;后接介詞with表示“與…同住”“寄宿在…”。
adj. (形容詞)
  1. live用作形容詞的基本意思是“活的,有生命的,精力充沛的”,主要用于動物,強調生命的健康及生命力的旺盛、生動,偶爾也可用于人,在句中只用作定語。
  2. live也可作“燃燒著的”“有爆炸力的”“隨時可用的”“當前重要的”“現場直播的,實況轉播的”等解,在句中既可用作定語,也可用作表語。
  3. live無比較級和最高級形式。
adv. (副詞)
  1. live用作副詞的意思是“實地,從現場,以直播方式”,在句中常用作狀語。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
live at, live in, live on
  • “住在…街”在英式英語中用live in,在美式英語中用live on;“住在…號”和“住在(…街)…號”在英式英語中和美式英語中都用at。
  • live on, live off
  • 這兩者都可表示“靠…過活”。接職業時只能用live off,不能用live on。例如:
  • He prefers to live on his salary and not to spend his savings.他愿意花他的工資生活而不動用儲蓄金。
  • For the first half of the year we live off the silkworms;for the second half, we live off the land.頭半年我們靠養蠶生活,后半年靠種地生活。
  • live by, live on
  • 這兩者意義并不相同。live by的意思是“靠…過活”,指的是手段;live on的意思是“靠…為生”,指的是來源。例如:
  • He lived by writing.他以寫作為生。
  • With the rising cost of living, it is hard for the old people to live on their pensions.由于生活費用不斷上漲,老年人靠養老金生活已很困難了。
  • live on, feed on
  • 這兩者都可表示“以…為食”。live on可用于動物,也可用于人;feed on一般只用于動物。例如:
  • The woodpecker lives on small insects.啄木鳥靠吃小昆蟲生活。
  • Certain animals feed on insects.有些動物以昆蟲為食。
  • live, abide, inhabit, reside, stay
  • 這幾個詞都有“住”的意思。其區別在于:live作“居住,住”解時,是普通用語,指住在某一地方,多用于日常生活口語中,是不及物動詞,后面常與介詞連用;reside為正式用語,指在某地固定居住或合法地居住;inhabit指人或動物因適應所生活地域的自然環境而定居下來,通常用作及物動詞;abide常用在法律和文學上,是較為陳舊、文氣的用法;stay指暫時住在某處,常用于旅途中在某處住宿,是不及物動詞。例如:
  • While the children are living under my roof, they will have to obey my orders.孩子們住在我這兒就得聽我的話。
  • The child abided with his grandparents for three years before returning to his home.那個孩子和祖父母一起居住了三年才回到自己的家里。
  • This district is densely inhabited.這個地區的人口密度很高。
  • They reside in a cottage at the foot of the mountain.他們居住在山腳下的一所小屋里。
  • Where are you staying?你住在哪里?
  • live, be, exist
  • 這三個詞的共同意思是“生存,存在”。其區別在于:exist指事物存在的客觀現實,強調真實性。例如:
  • God does not exist.上帝并不存在。
  • be屬普通用詞,與起引導作用的there連用時,與exist完全同義,有時帶有個人信念的色彩。例如:
  • There exist〔are〕 bears in the zoo.動物園里有熊。
  • live指有生命、活著,表示“活下去”時可與exist換用。例如:
  • Live and learn.活到老,學到老。
  • We cannot live〔exist〕 without food and water.沒有食物和水我們就不能生存。
  • live, dwell
  • 這兩個詞的共同意思是“居住”。其區別是:
  • live是普通用語,常用于日??谡Z中;dwell是書面用語,一般用于文學作品中。dwell還有“仔細研究,詳細論述”的意思。例如:
  • When I was only three years old, my poor mother had to live in, cooking and washing for a rich lady.我才三歲的時候,我可憐的媽媽不得不住在一個闊太太的家里,給人家做飯、洗衣服。
  • He dreamed that he dwelled in the heaven.他做夢住在天堂里。
  • She dwelt at length upon the similarities of the two paintings.她詳細地講述了這兩幅畫的相似之處。
  • live with, lodge with, stay with
  • 這三個短語意思相近,但也有差別:live with的意思是“寄宿在某人處,與某人同居”;lodge with用于古語體口語中,指投宿在熟人處;stay with指作為客人短期地住在某人家里。例如:
  • She lived with him for a couple of years before they got married.他們在結婚前已同居了二三年。
  • When we go to the countryside, we lodge with my uncle.我們去鄉下寄住在我叔叔家。
  • I stayed with the governor when I was in Celon.我在錫蘭時住在總督家里。
  • 下面各組中的兩個句子意思不同:
  • She lived in a hotel.
  • 她住在旅館里。
  • She lived at the Great Wall Hotel.
  • 她住在長城飯店。
  • Who lives in that house?
  • 誰住在那棟房子里?
  • Who lives at that house?
  • 誰住那棟房子?
  • Mary lived in Beijing for five years.
  • 瑪麗在北京住了5年。
  • Mary has lived in Beijing for five years.
  • 瑪麗在北京至今已住了5年。
  • adj. (形容詞)
    live, alive, living
  • 這三個詞共同意思是“活著的,活的”。其區別在于:
  • 1.alive多用于人,與dead相對,指“還活著的”,著重于狀態; living指沒有死、消失,繼續存在、活動或起著作用,可修飾人,也可修飾物; 而live指“活的; 真的”,只用于物。
  • 2.alive只用作表語或后置定語; living既可用作定語,又可用作表語; 而live僅用作定語。例如:
  • The mortally wounded man was unconscious but still alive.那個受了致命傷的人處于昏迷狀態,可是還活著。
  • He has never seen a live tiger.他從沒見過一只活老虎。
  • He is the greatest living poet.他是在世的最偉大的詩人。
  • Shelly was still living雪萊還活著。
  • alive,live,living
  • 這些形容詞均有“活著的,活的”之意。
  • alive其反義詞為dead,指生命從奄奄一息到精力旺盛的各種狀態。
  • live通常作定語,指活生生的,生氣勃勃的,還可表示現場直播的。
  • living其反義詞為dead,指包括人和動植物的生命沒有消失、仍然存在的狀態。
  • dwell,reside,live,lodge,inhabit,settle
  • 這些動詞均有“居住、定居”之意。
  • dwell文學上的用詞,口語中通常用live代替。
  • reside書面用詞,指合法的永久性居住,也指在豪華的住宅里居住。
  • live最普通用詞,指固定的居住,可以是長期的,也可以是臨時的。
  • lodge指短時間或臨時住宿。
  • inhabit強調人或動物居住在某個地區并已適應某種特殊環境。
  • settle側重指某人定居于城市、國家或地區,而不指居住的住所。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      他以前靠修鞋過活。

      He used to lived on repairing shoes.

      He used to make a living by repairing shoes.

      live on后不能接職業、工作一類的詞。

      多年來她始終過得很快活。

      She has been living very happy for years.

      She has been living a very happy life for years.

      作“過…生活”解時live可接同源賓語,但不可接形容詞。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的lifian,意為住,生活。
    今日熱詞
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