effort

  核心詞匯  
['ef?t]     ['ef?rt]    
  • n. 努力;努力的成果
effortful effortfully
new

effort的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 努力,盡力,花費精力,費力
  2. 努力的成果,努力的結果,結果,成就,成績
  3. 艱難的嘗試
  4. 嘗試,試圖,企圖
  5. 運動
  6. 【機】作用力
  7. 工作
  8. 工作研究計劃
  9. 氣力
  10. 費力的事
  11. 有組織的活動

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [S][U]力氣,努力 (sth that needs) the use of physical strength or power of the mind; trying hard with mind or body
  2. [C]努力的嘗試,盡力 an attempt using all one's powers
  3. [C]努力的結果,成果; 作品 result of an attempt; works

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;

    "made an effort to cover all the reading material"
    "wished him luck in his endeavor"
    "she gave it a good try"

  2. use of physical or mental energy; hard work;

    "he got an A for effort"
    "they managed only with great exertion"

  3. a notable achievement;

    "he performed a great feat"
    "the book was her finest effort"

  4. a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;

    "he supported populist campaigns"
    "they worked in the cause of world peace"
    "the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant"
    "the movement to end slavery"
    "contributed to the war effort"

effort的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. They are making every effort to decrease the production cost.
    他們正盡力減少生產成本。
  2. All my efforts were fruitless.
    我所有的努力都白費了。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. It doesn't need much effort.
    那不需要太多的精力。
  2. A great deal of effort has gone into this exhibition.
    為了這次展覽投入了很大力量。
  3. His efforts were wasted.
    他的努力都白費了。
  4. His efforts were much appreciated.
    大家都夸他的努力。
  5. Finishing the work in one day was a very good effort.
    在一天內完成這項工作是努力的結果。
  6. That's a good effort.
    這事做得不錯。
  7. We redouble our efforts for Manhan's release.
    為了解救馬漢,我們做了最大的努力。
~+to- v
  1. It was a real effort to stay awake through the film.
    真要強打著精神才能看完整部電影。
  2. His effort to finish his work in one day failed.
    他要在一天內完成其工作的努力白費了。
  3. His effort to reform her at length succeeded.
    他要改造她的努力最終成功了。
~+at n./pron./v-ing
  1. His maiden effort at authorship was a long tale.
    他在寫作生涯中的處女作是一部長篇故事。
  2. This is his effort at depicting the peasants.
    這是他描寫農民的作品。
  3. This is his maiden effort at depicting the soldier.
    這是他描寫戰士的處女作。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
make efforts〔an effort, every effort〕
    作出努力 use of strength and energy to do sth
    make efforts〔an effort, every effort〕 to-v

    The workers are making efforts to fulfil this year's plan.

    工人們正在努力完成今年的生產計劃。

    The prisoner made an effort to escape, but he couldn't climb the prison wall.

    囚犯企圖越獄,但是爬不上監獄的墻。

    I will make every effort to arrive on time.

    我將盡一切努力準時到達。

put effort into
    對某事付出很大力氣 use of much strength and energy for sth
    put effort into sth/v-ing

    He put a lot of effort into arranging the concert.

    他為音樂會的籌備工作付出很大力氣。

    我們在這個項目上用盡全部心思。

    我們在這個項目上用盡全部心思。

spare no effort
    不遺余力,盡力去做 try one's best
    spare no effort to-v

    They spared no effort to undermine the democratic life inside the party.

    他們不遺余力地破壞黨內的民主生活。

with (an) effort
    努力地 hard
without effort
    毫不費力地 without much strength and energy

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ 介詞+~

經典引文

  • With a considerable effort of will he rose..and shuffled to the bathroom.

    出自: A. Koestler
  • I make no effort to save myself.

    出自: J. Rhys
  • Praising just a little, demanding always more effort, a higher standard of perfection.

    出自: M. Keane

effort的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. effort的基本意思是“力氣”“努力”,指做某事所使用的力氣和努力,作此解時只用作單數形式,引申表示“努力”“奮斗”,指費力做某事或艱苦的嘗試,作此解時是可數名詞。effort還可表示“努力的事例”“努力的成果”,即“作品”“成就”,為可數名詞。
  2. effort表示“努力”時,其后可接動詞不定式作其定語,偶爾也可接介詞短語作定語。
  3. make efforts, make an effort, make every effort后面常接動詞不定式,表示“努力做某事”,接an effort時表示“做一番努力”; 接efforts時表示“作出多次努力”,接every effort表示“每做一次努力”。
  1. effort指“努力”時,后面跟不定式。

    His effort to reform her at length succeeded.
    他為改變她作出努力最后取得了成功。

  2. effort指“作品”時,后面跟at和動名詞或名詞。

    This is his effort at depicting the peasants.
    這是他描繪農民的一幅作品。

  3. effort指“努力”時,是抽象名詞,不可直接用于make后。只能以an effort,efforts,every efforts等形式出現;
  4. 表示相反的狀態時,用without effort或without great effort中,注意是單數effort;
  5. effort可用于以下句型中:Effort has been made to...(不定式),Effort has been directed to...(介詞)或make special effort to...(不定式)等。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
effort(s), bid, endeavour(s), exertion(s), pain(s)
  • 這組詞都可作“努力”解。其區別是:
  • effort(s)著重指動作的本身; endeavour(s)著重作出努力的認真和決心; exertion(s)著重于動作的積極性或劇烈性; bid著重于為達到某種企圖而作出的努力; pain(s)側重為完成某事花費氣力。例如:
  • I will make a great effort to master English我會努力掌握英語。
  • The cabinet is making all possible endeavours to bring about national economic stabilization.政府內閣將盡最大努力使國家經濟趨于穩定。
  • I was quite hot and tired after all my exertions.用力干后,我又熱又累。
  • Our Department is making a bid for the interdepartmental basketball championship.我們系正力求奪取系際的籃球賽冠軍。
  • For thirty years,Teacher Liu has been taking great pains in educating us.30年來,劉教員一直勞心努力地教育我們。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      我會努力幫助你。

      I will do every effort to help you.

      I will make every effort to help you.

      effort表示“作出努力”時,須與make搭配,而不可與do搭配。

      盡力幫助他。

      Great efforts have been made to help him.

      Great effort has been made to help him.

      make與effort搭配用于被動結構時, effort多表示抽象的行為概念,是不可數名詞。

      他們作出更大努力以加強團結。

      They make more efforts at〔in〕 strengthening unity.

      They make more efforts to strengthen unity.

      make efforts〔an effort〕后面通常跟動詞不定式,而不能用“at〔in〕+動名詞”形式。

      他費了很大勁才搬開那塊石頭。

      He took the rock away with big effort.

      He took the rock away with great effort.

      “很大的力氣”可說great effort, a lot of effort,不可用big修飾effort。

      我費了很大勁,從人群中擠了出去。

      With a lot of efforts I edged my way out of the crowd.

      With a lot of effort I edged my way out of the crowd.

      with a lot of effort意為“費了很大氣力”,但這里effort為不可數名詞,詞尾不可加s。

      他毫不費力地完成了工作。

      He finished the work without an effort.

      He finished the work without effort.

      without effort表示“毫不費力地”時, effort指“力氣”,是不可數名詞,不可以說without an effort,而在with effort中, effort前有時可加an。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 15世紀晚期進入英語,直接源自古法語的esforz;最初源自通俗拉丁語的exfortiare:ex (出) + fortis (強大的),意為展示強大實力。
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