consume

  核心詞匯  
[k?n'sju?m]     [k?n'su?m]    
  • v. 消耗;吃喝;毀滅
consumed consumed consuming consumes
new

consume的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 用掉
  2. 消滅
  3. 消耗
  4. 消費
  5. 浪費
  6. 用完
  7. 毀滅
  8. 燒光
  9. 消盡
  10. 消磨
  11. 耗盡
  12. 燒毀
  13. 吃完
  14. 喝光
  15. 使全神貫注
  16. 使著迷
  17. 使憔悴
  18. 充滿
  19. 耗盡生命
  20. 耗費
  21. 使充滿(強烈的感情)
  22. 大吃
  23. 大喝
  24. 濫用
  25. 憔悴而死
  26. 枯萎
  27. 消亡
  28. 花費
  29. 揮霍
  30. 亂花

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 消耗; 消費; 耗盡 use up
  2. vt. 大吃,大喝 eat or drink, especially eagerly or in large amounts
  3. vt. 燒毀,毀滅 destroy

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. eat immoderately;

    "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"

  2. serve oneself to, or consume regularly;

    "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"
    "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

  3. spend extravagantly;

    "waste not, want not"

  4. destroy completely;

    "The fire consumed the building"

  5. use up (resources or materials);

    "this car consumes a lot of gas"
    "We exhausted our savings"
    "They run through 20 bottles of wine a week"

  6. engage fully;

    "The effort to pass the exam consumed all his energy"

consume的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. His old car consumed much gasoline.
    他的舊汽車耗油很多。
  2. Each year Americans consume a high percentage of the world's energy.
    每年美國人都消耗掉世界能源的很大比例
  3. I'm sure that Chinese people consume the largest amount of rice in the world.
    我敢肯定,世界上中國人吃掉的大米最多。
  4. I saw the flames consuming the whole building.
    我看見火焰吞噬了整棟建筑物。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The children consumed all the hamburgers.
    孩子們把漢堡全部吃完了。
  2. Arguing about details consumed many hours of the committee's valuable time.
    爭論細節問題花費了委員會數小時寶貴的時間。
  3. The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.
    大火很快就把那些木制建筑物燒毀了。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
consume away( v.+adv. )
    毀掉,毀滅 destroy
    consume sth ? away

    The fire had consumed half the forest away before it was stopped.

    大火在熄滅之前毀掉了樹林的一半。

consume with( v.+prep. )
    為(某種思想)而不斷受折磨 fill the thoughts or feelings of continuously, especially in a damaging way
    be consumed with sth

    She was consumed with guilt.

    她深感內疚。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • He was consumed with wonder at her presence.

    出自: Scott Fitzgerald
  • His career..would be his consuming interest for many years.

    出自: E. Caldwell
  • I was consumed by a passion that I've recently been able to diagnose as ambition.

    出自: D. Caute

consume的詳細講解:

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
consume, devour, eat, ingest, swallow
  • 這幾個詞的共同意思是“吃”。其區別在于:eat最常用,指放入口中經過咀嚼再吞咽下去的過程,對人或物都適用,引申指緩慢地逐漸腐蝕或消磨過程; consume指吃完全部食物或喝光所有飲料,引申指消耗光所有的物質、金錢等; devour強調狼吞虎咽地吃,引申指吞滅或毀滅; ingest是生理學用語,指咽下或吸收的過程; swallow指不經過充分咀嚼就囫圇吞入肚中,強調匆忙。例如:
  • The termites have eaten deep into the wood.白蟻已經把木頭蛀得很深了。
  • The fire soon consumed the wooden building.大火不久就燒毀了這座木頭建筑物。
  • He was devoured by hate.他滿腔怨恨。
  • Twelve workers have ingested radioactive substances well above the permitted maximum.12名工人攝入體內的放射性物質已大大超過最大限度。
  • This drug can't be swallowed; it has to be injected.這藥不能吞服,只能注射。
  • consume, dissipate, fritter, squander, waste
  • 這組詞都有“浪費”的意思。其區別是:
  • waste指任意地揮霍,通常是花費而不見成果; squander的意思比waste強,強調胡亂花費,含有花光而導致貧困的意思; dissipate指因奢侈而喪失東西,猶如隨風撒東西一樣,強調將存有的東西用光或幾乎用光; fritter常和away連用,指一點一點地花費,或花費在不重要的東西上,含有逐漸用光的意思; consume強調吞食或毀壞,但也可指完全浪費或揮霍掉,用于金錢或財產時,指頻繁地減少,偶爾用于時間或精力時,指無益地花費。例如:
  • The council has been squandering the ratepayers' money.市議會一直在揮霍房地產納稅人的金錢。
  • He dissipated his large fortune in a few years of heavy spending.他在幾年的大肆揮霍中把自己一大筆財產都花光了。
  • She fritters away all her money on clothes and trips to the cinema.她把所有金錢都浪費在穿衣服和看電影上了。
  • The fire soon consumed the wooden buildings.大火很快就把那些木制建筑物吞沒了。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀晚期進入英語,直接源自古典拉丁語的consumere:come (加調作用) + sumere (拿),意為大肆地買。

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