attempt

  核心詞匯  
[?'tempt]     [?'tempt]    
  • v. 企圖;嘗試
  • n. 企圖;試圖
attemptable attempter attempted attempted attempting attempts
new

attempt的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 試圖做,試圖,努力,試,嘗試,設法,企圖,力圖,努力去做
  2. 試圖攻占,意欲奪取,試圖奪取,襲擊,攻擊
  3. 窺伺,覬覦
  4. <古>誘惑
  5. 企圖殺害
  6. 竭力反對
n. (名詞)
  1. 嘗試,企圖,努力,試圖,盡力
  2. 攻擊,襲擊,進攻,試圖奪取
  3. 【律】未遂(罪)
  4. 企圖殺害

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 試圖; 嘗試 make an effort at; try to do sth, especially without succeeding
n. (名詞)
  1. [C]嘗試,試圖,企圖 an effort made to do sth

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something;

    "made an effort to cover all the reading material"
    "wished him luck in his endeavor"
    "she gave it a good try"

  2. the act of attacking;

    "attacks on women increased last year"
    "they made an attempt on his life"

Verb:
  1. make an effort or attempt;

    "He tried to shake off his fears"
    "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"
    "The police attempted to stop the thief"
    "He sought to improve himself"
    "She always seeks to do good in the world"

  2. enter upon an activity or enterprise

attempt的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. He attempted to smother up the scandal about his family.
    他企圖掩飾有關他家庭的丑聞。
  2. I would be the last to attempt to answer the question.
    我是最不可能去嘗試回答這個問題。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The enemy failed in their attempt to land on the island.
    敵人在島上登陸的企圖失敗了。
  2. He studied hard in an attempt to pass the exam.
    他努力學習試圖通過考試。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He attempted the exam but failed.
    他試圖通過考試但失敗了。
  2. He is attempting a difficult task.
    他正在試圖完成一項困難的任務。
  3. If you wish it so much I shall attempt it.
    如果你希望做這件事,那我就試試吧。
  4. He did not attempt the last question in the examination.
    他放棄了考試中的最后一道題。
  5. During these two years they attempted many scientific experiments.
    這兩年中他們試圖進行許多科學試驗。
  6. They attempted the almost impossible thing.
    他們想干的是件幾乎不可能干成的事。
  7. We mustn't attempt unrestricted expansion regardless if it is within our capacity.
    我們不能不顧自己的能力企圖無限制地發展。
  8. It's better not to attempt too much at one time.
    一次最好不要企圖干過多的工作。
  9. 1
  10. A large robbery was attempted by the thieves.
    這些竊賊圖謀進行一次大規模搶劫。
  11. The judge's life was attempted.
    有人企圖殺害法官。
S+~+to- v
  1. We'll attempt to solve the problem.
    我們將努力解決這個問題。
  2. They will attempt to do it.
    他們將試圖做這件事。
  3. Don't attempt to do so much in such a short time.
    不要想在這么短的時間內干這么多的事。
  4. They're laudably attempting to carry out the plan.
    他們正試圖執行這一計劃,精神可嘉。
  5. He attempted to get in touch with them but without success.
    他試圖和他們聯系,但沒有成功。
  6. I have attempted to give an explanation of this fact.
    我對這一事實已經盡力地作了解釋。
  7. The old couple will attempt to leave the town as soon as possible.
    這對老夫婦想要盡快離開這個小城。
  8. I attempted to leave without being known, but failed.
    我原打算偷偷走,但是未能走成。
  9. Before they fled the country, the enemy attempted to destroy the factories.
    在逃往國外之前,敵人企圖把工廠毀掉。
  10. He attempted to speak but was told to be quiet.
    他試圖發言,卻被告知要保持沉默。
  11. He attempted to mediate their differences.
    他試圖調停他們的分歧。
  12. They attempted to go on with the work but couldn't.
    他們想繼續干下去,但不行了。
  13. I'd rather not attempt to guess what the result will be.
    我不愿去猜測會有什么樣的結果。
  14. He attempted to find the old woman.
    他試圖找到那個老婦人。
  15. The doctor attempted to save the dying man.
    醫生試圖挽救那個生命垂危的病人。
  16. The enemy charged up the mountain, attempting to knock out our forces.
    敵人向山上沖鋒,企圖把我們的兵力摧毀掉。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. We'll attempt solving the problem.
    我們將努力解決這個問題。
  2. He attempted doing it.
    他曾試圖做這件事。
  3. I attempted walking along the rope.
    我試著走繩索。
  4. The enemy attempted breaking through our lines.
    敵人企圖沖破我們的防線。
  5. I attempted walking until I fell over.
    我試著走一走,最后摔倒了。
  6. They're laudably attempting carrying out the plan.
    他們正在精神可嘉地試圖執行這一計劃。
  7. The enemy vainly attempted destroying the bridge.
    敵人妄圖破壞這座橋梁。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. News of the attempted deal soon leaked out.
    企圖進行這項交易的消息不久泄漏出來。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Further attempts are being made at solving this problem.
    正在做進一步的嘗試以解決這個問題。
  2. It's useless to make a further attempt.
    無須做進一步嘗試。
  3. He made the attempt again and again without success.
    他屢次嘗試均未成功。
  4. He gave up the attempt.
    他放棄了那個企圖。
  5. After repeated attempts they finally succeeded.
    經過反復嘗試,他們終于成功了。
  6. I passed my driving test at the third attempt.
    我第三次才通過了汽車駕駛員行駛執照的考試。
  7. The old couple had set aside other feelings in an attempt to hold the family together.
    老兩口把別的感情都撇在一邊,設法把這個家庭捏在一起。
  8. He failed in the attempt to climb the mountain.
    在試圖爬山中他失敗了。
  9. She made a last attempt to write a novel.
    她做最后一次寫小說的嘗試。
  10. The attempt to murder him had failed.
    謀殺他的企圖失敗了。
  11. He began a new attempt to solve the problem.
    他開始做解決這一問題的新嘗試。
  12. He made a brave attempt to save the child's life.
    他奮勇營救那小孩的性命。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
attempt at
    在…方面的試圖 an effort made to do sth at sth
attempt on
    試圖做 an effort made to do sth on sth
attempt on one's life
    試圖謀殺某人 the attempt to kill sb

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞
用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ ~+介詞

經典引文

  • They have awak'd, And 'tis not done. Th' attempt, and not the deed, Confounds us.

    出自:Macbeth , Shakespeare
  • [He] flung away his life in a gallant attempt to save a servant who had fallen overboard.

    出自: J. M. Barrie
  • I tried to smile, but I made a rather poor attempt at it.

    出自: J. Marquand
  • All attempts to meet her have failed so far.

    出自: L. Durrell
  • If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear.

    出自:Othello , Shakespeare
  • To embolden her to attempt extorting the right of investitures.

    出自: D. Hume
  • Tiberius answered..that his troops were not yet fit to attempt the task.

    出自: R. Graves
  • He attempted to smile back at him, but found it difficult.

    出自: W. Trevor

attempt的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. attempt的基本意思是“嘗試”,指某人需要很大的勇氣第一次做一次具體的努力或嘗試做事的艱難過程,它只強調動作實際開始,其結果可能成功,也可能失敗,往往帶有“妄圖”的意味。
  2. attempt后可接名詞、代詞、動詞不定式或動名詞作賓語,動詞不定式或動名詞作賓語所表達的意思幾乎相同,但由于習慣,用不定式時較多些。
  3. attempt比較正式,多用于書面語。
  4. attempt的過去分詞attempted在句中可用作定語。
n. (名詞)
  1. attempt的基本意思是“嘗試”,引申可表示“企圖”,是可數名詞。
  2. attempt在句中可用作主語或賓語,其后也可接動詞不定式作定語。
  3. attempt后面也可以接介詞at引起的短語,表示“在…方面的試圖”,偶爾也可接介詞on或upon,表示“試圖做…”。
  1. attempt后可加不定式,如attempt to do,也可加介詞和動名詞勾結,如attempt at doing,不過習慣上,不定式的用法更為普遍;
  2. 作為名詞時,attempt是指可數的嘗試,要注意不能隨便省略掉冠詞an,如make an attempt。也可以說an attempt to do it和an attempt at doing it,或者是不用冠詞,如make little attempt,without attempt;
  3. 使用attempt時,要注意雙重否定的錯誤。

    The work was attempted to be done quickly.
    第一句的說法是錯誤的,第二句才是正確的,指“嘗試將工作做得更快”。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
attempt, endeavour, try
  • 這組詞都有“嘗試”或“設法 ”的意思。它們之間的區別是:
  • 1.attempt只用作及物動詞,強調“希望成功”,但不一定成功,是正式用語。例如:
  • We attempted a race.我們試圖進行一次比賽。
  • It would be a waste of time to attempt the impossible.試圖做辦不到的事是浪費時間。
  • 2.endeavour在作“努力”“盡力”解時,是褒義詞,指為了完成某事而作出巨大的努力,尤其在面臨困難的時候。例如:
  • The UN is endeavouring to establish peace.聯合國正在為世界和平而努力。
  • Galieo endeavoured to prove that the earth rotates around the sun.伽利略盡力證明地球是繞著太陽轉的。
  • 3.try既可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞,強調通過多種努力,力爭取得成功,還有“審訊,審理”的意思,常用于日??谡Z中。例如:
  • I don't think I can do it, but I'll try.我認為我做不來那個,但我愿試一試。
  • If you can't do it the first time, try again.要是你第一次做不成,就再試一下。
  • Who is going to try the case?誰將審理此案件?
  • attempt,try,endeavour,strive
  • 這些動詞均含有“試圖,努力,力圖”之意。
  • attempt較正式用詞,側重已經開始,且希望完成,但常隱含著不一定有預期的結果。
  • try普通用詞,可與attempt換用,但強調努力或嘗試,后跟不定式表示努力或爭??;后跟動名詞表示嘗試。
  • endeavour正式用詞,指盡最大努力、認真地克服困難去做某事。
  • strive和endeavour一樣,表示付出巨大努力,但strive側重勞累與緊張,而不強調努力的結果。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      提前離開的企圖是違反規章的。

      Any attempt leaving early is against regulations.

      Any attempt to leave early is against regulations.

      attempt后面的同位語修飾語只能是動詞不定式,不能是動名詞。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 15世紀初期進入英語,直接源自古法語的attempter,意為試圖;最初源自拉丁語的attemptare:ad (去) + temptare (嘗試),意為嘗試。
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