air

  基本詞匯  
[e?(r)]     [er]    
  • n. 空氣;天空;空中;感覺;神態;曲調;裝腔作勢
  • v. 晾干;使通風;廣播
aired aired airing airs
new

air的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 空中,天空
  2. 空氣
  3. 大氣
  4. 神態
  5. 樣子
  6. 曲調
  7. 擺架子,裝腔作勢,做作的樣子
  8. 氣氛,氣派
  9. 【音】主調
  10. <罕>微風
  11. 感覺,印象
  12. 歡天喜地,得意洋洋
  13. 航空;飛機,空軍(指人員和裝備),航空兵
  14. 媒介,廣播
  15. <美口>空調設備,空調系統
v. (動詞)
  1. 晾,晾干,烘干,烤干,風干
  2. 播送
  3. 發表,公開發表,宣揚,表達
  4. 炫耀,顯示,夸示
  5. <美>廣播,播出
  6. 透風,通風,通氣;使通風
  7. 散步,兜風
  8. 吹風
  9. 使換氣,透氣
  10. 給…裝置通風設備
adv. (副詞)
  1. 早,不久

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [U]天空,大氣,空氣 the sky or space above the ground; atmosphere
  2. [U]空中 the earth's atmosphere as the place where aircraft fly
  3. [C]曲調,歌曲,旋律 music; tune; melody
  4. [C]樣子,神態,姿態 appearance; manner
  5. [C]微風 light wind
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 晾曬,烘干 dry (clothing, bedding, etc.) in the open air or in a warm place
  2. vt. (使)房間通風,換空氣 (cause to) become fresh by letting in air
  3. vt. 發表,傾訴,炫耀 make public (opinions, complains, etc.), especially in a noisy manner
  4. vt. & vi. 播送,廣播 broadcast

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;

    "air pollution"
    "a smell of chemicals in the air"
    "open a window and let in some air"
    "I need some fresh air"

  2. the region above the ground;

    "her hand stopped in mid air"
    "he threw the ball into the air"

  3. a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing;

    "an air of mystery"
    "the house had a neglected air"
    "an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's headquarters"
    "the place had an aura of romance"

  4. a slight wind (usually refreshing);

    "the breeze was cooled by the lake"
    "as he waited he could feel the air on his neck"

  5. the mass of air surrounding the Earth;

    "there was great heat as the comet entered the atmosphere"
    "it was exposed to the air"

  6. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)

  7. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;

    "she was humming an air from Beethoven"

  8. medium for radio and television broadcasting;

    "the program was on the air from 9 til midnight"
    "the president used the airwaves to take his message to the people"

  9. travel via aircraft;

    "air travel involves too much waiting in airports"
    "if you've time to spare go by air"

Verb:
  1. expose to fresh air;

    "aerate your old sneakers"

  2. be broadcast;

    "This show will air Saturdays at 2 P.M."

  3. broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;

    "We cannot air this X-rated song"

  4. make public;

    "She aired her opinions on welfare"

  5. expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;

    "Air linen"

  6. expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;

    "air the old winter clothes"
    "air out the smoke-filled rooms"

air的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The fresh air in the morning made him feel glad.
    早晨的新鮮空氣使他覺得愉快。
  2. There is a bird flying through the air.
    一只小鳥從天空飛過。
  3. The archers sent their shafts through the air.
    弓箭手向空中射出利箭。
  4. There was an air of excitement at the meeting.
    開會時氣氛顯得有些興奮。
  5. There is an air of abstraction in her face.
    她臉上帶著一種心不在焉的神態。
  6. He played a delightful air on his flute.
    他用笛子吹奏了一支歡快的曲調。
  7. You will lose friends if you put on airs.
    你如果裝腔作勢,就會失去朋友。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. You should air the clothes to get the damp out.
    你應該把衣服晾一下去去潮氣。
  2. The doctor recommended him to air the room.
    醫生建議他打掃房間。
  3. We need to air out the smoke-filled rooms.
    我們得把滿是煙味的房間通通風。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The air is chilly.
    這空氣寒冷。
  2. The air of the hills is very pleasant.
    這山里的空氣非常涼爽。
  3. The air is now at its hottest.
    空氣正熱。
  4. We breathe air.
    我們呼吸空氣。
  5. Let's go out and have some fresh air.
    我們出去呼吸點新鮮空氣吧。
  6. The air was heavy with perfume of the flowers.
    空氣中有濃郁的花香。
  7. Many birds are flying in the air.
    許多鳥兒在空中飛翔。
  8. I saw something flowing in the air.
    我看見有什么東西在空中飄動。
  9. There is an air of sadness in the village.
    村子里氣氛悲哀。
  10. The air was heavy between us.
    我們之間氣氛沉悶。
  11. He has a proud air.
    他神情傲慢。
  12. He has the air of a scholar.
    他有一種學者風度。
  13. He has an air of importance.
    他擺出了一副煞有介事的神態。
  14. They were displeased with her haughty airs.
    他們討厭她高傲的派頭。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. The straw mattresses are airing there.
    草褥子正在那里晾著。
  2. The programme airs daily.
    本節目每天廣播。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We air the room by opening the window.
    我們打開窗子讓屋子通風。
  2. The big window had been opened to air the room.
    大窗戶被打開讓房間換空氣。
  3. He hadn't wish to air the matter.
    他不希望把此事傳開。
  4. They were tired of the doctor airing his knowledge.
    他們討厭這個炫耀知識的醫生。
  5. He aired his notions at a public meeting in a newspaper.
    開會時他在報紙上陳述了他的觀點。
  6. He spoke on the radio, airing his views to the nation.
    他在廣播里對全國發表觀點。
  7. She is not the kind of person one can introduce into company; she is too fond of airing her opinions.
    她不是那種可以引以為友的人,她太愛發表議論了。
  8. The ladies now have an opportunity to air their indignation.
    女士們現在有機會表明她們的義憤。
  9. Don't air your troubles too often.
    別老是訴說你的煩惱。
  10. 1
  11. The dormitory was aired in the morning.
    宿舍早上通風。
  12. The mattress needs to be aired.
    墊子需要晾曬。
  13. The grievances were aired in Parliament last week.
    冤情上星期在議會陳述了。
  14. There his weekly broadcasts were aired from the 1920s until he was silenced by the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church.
    自二十世紀二十年代起他每周廣播直到被羅馬教廷的等級制度禁止。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
airs and graces
    做作的姿態,裝腔作勢 affectation
as free as the air
    自由自在 happy-go-luck
beat the air
    徒勞,白費氣力 waste
build castles in the air
    做白日夢,不能實現的希望,計劃等 day-dream hopes, plans that are unlikely to be realized
by air
    乘飛機; 航空郵寄(信件) in an aircraft
clear the air
    換氣 make the air in a place fresh by opening a window
give air to
    闡明,詳細解釋 state or explain in detail
give oneself airs
    盛氣凌人,神氣活現 act proud; act vain
go up in the air
    十分惱火 become very angry
hang in the air
    懸而未決 leave undecided or unsettled
hot air
    夸夸其談 bluster
in the air
    懸而未決,沒充分計劃好; (謠言等)傳開,散布開; 流行開 (of stories, rumours etc.) spreading not fully planned, uncertain
in the open air
    在戶外 outside
off the air
    停止廣播 not engaged in broadcasting
on the air
    廣播 broadcasting
out of thin air
    無中生有,突然出現 out of nowhere; out of nothing visible
put on airs
    裝腔作勢,擺架子 behave in an unnatural way in the hope of impressing people
take air
    為眾人所知,被傳揚 spread about among people; become known
take in the air
    到戶外散步,戶外透透氣 go outdoors; take a walk or ride
vanish into thin air
    無影無蹤,化為烏有 disappear
walk〔tread〕 on air
    喜氣洋洋,興高采烈 be very gay or pleased
用作動詞 (v.)
air out (v.+adv.)
    通通風,透透空氣 freshen (a room) by letting air move through it
    air sb/sth ? out

    It's so stale in here, Mary, please open the window and air this place out.

    這里的氣味太不好了?,旣?請打開一扇窗子,讓這個地方透透空氣。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ ~+名詞 ~+后置定語 介詞+~ ~+介詞
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞

經典引文

  • Content to breathe his native air In his own ground.

    出自: Pope
  • His goods are spoiled by foul air and gas fumes.

    出自: F. Nightingale
  • All I want is a room somewhere, Far away from the cold night air.

    出自: A. J. Lerner
  • To keep the room aired and swept.

    出自: M. Edgeworth

air的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. air的基本意思是“空氣,空中,天空”,引申可表示“飛行,散步”等。air作物質名詞泛指“空氣”時,不可數,不用冠詞; 指某種具體的“氣”或“天空”時用冠詞。
  2. air也可作“曲調,歌曲,旋律”“播送”“風度,神態”“姿態,架子”解,是可數名詞,用冠詞。
  3. air也可借喻作“徒勞”或“流傳,傳開”解,不用冠詞。
  4. airs可表示“架子”“做作的姿態”,不用冠詞。
v. (動詞)
  1. air用作動詞的基本意思是“晾,曬,吹”,指在通風暖和處晾〔曬,吹〕衣服、被子等。引申可作“炫耀; 訴說”解,指炫耀〔訴說〕自己的想法或苦衷。
  2. air可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞。用作及物動詞時接名詞或代詞作賓語。
  3. air后接副詞out表示“通通風,透透空氣,晾一晾”。
  1. 指“空氣”時,air前通常不加the,只在the air we breathe等表達中才用the。特指“空中”時,air前加the, 而by air不用the。

    We can now travel by air.
    句中的by若改成through,則該加the。

  2. take air指“傳開”,take the air指“到戶外”,take to the air指“開始飛行”,in the air指“在空中”,而in the open air指“戶外,露天”。

    Many birds are flying in the air.
    I am going out for a walk in the open air.

  3. air指“天空”時,要注意與sky的區別,像句子The moon is in the air就是錯誤的,air應該替換成sky;
  4. on the air和over the air是固定搭配詞組,指“無線電廣播”。

    She is on/over the air.
    她正在廣播。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
in the air, in the open air, on the air
  • in the air是“在空中”“不定的”“散布的”“無掩護的”“在眾人心中的”“可感覺到的”等意思; in the open air是“在戶外”的意思; on the air是“廣播”的意思。
  • in air, in the air
  • in air的意思是“在空氣中”,而in the air的意思是“在空中,計劃懸而未決; 謠言等流行”。
  • take air, take the air, take to the air
  • take air的意思是“事情或消息傳開”; 而take the air的意思是“到戶外散步,呼吸新鮮空氣”; take to the air的意思則是“乘飛機或當飛行員”。
  • air, look
  • 這兩個詞都可作“樣子”解。其區別在于:
  • 1.air所表達的表情往往是虛假的; 而look則是真實的。例如:
  • 被告說到這件事時帶著要保密的樣子。
  • The accused spoke about it with an air of secrecy.(是裝出來的)
  • The accused spoke about it with a look of secrecy.(是真情的流露)
  • 2.作“神態”講,即表達抽象概念,只能用air,而不能用look。例如:
  • Judy always gives himself airs.朱迪常擺架子(表示抽象概念)。
  • air, manner
  • 這兩個詞均表示“態度”“模樣”。其區別在于:
  • 1.manner是通過觀察某人的行為后所得出的印象,而air卻是故意擺出的架勢。
  • 2.air通常是就全身的表現而言,而manner是就肢體的動作而言。
  • 3.air是第一次見面時就可以看得出的印象,而manner是經過仔細觀察才可以得出的印象。例如:
  • His manner is always formal.他的態度總是鄭重其事的。
  • He was a man of suave and courteous manners.他是一個態度和藹而有禮貌的人。
  • She has an air of languor about her.她總是一副無精打采的樣子。
  • in the air, in the sky
  • 二者有所區別:in the air指在離地球較近的“天空”; 而in the sky指在離地球較遠的“天空”。例如:
  • A bird is flying in the air.有一只鳥在天上飛。
  • There is no cloud in the sky.天空沒有一絲云彩。
  • v. (動詞)
    air, broach, express, utter, vent, voice
  • 這組詞都有“表達”的意思。其區別是:
  • express含義最廣,可指口頭、筆頭或用其他任何方式表達思想、感情、經歷、構思或個性; air指宣揚某人的看法,希望引起公眾的注意或獲得同情; broach強調首次提出,尤指經過深思熟慮之后或等待辯論; vent強調無法控制地發泄或吐露強烈感情; voice專指用言語強有力地表達出一個人的思想、意見或感情; utter指突然發出某種強烈的聲音。例如:
  • I can't express it properly.我不能恰當地把它表達出來。
  • He is ready to air his views to anyone.他樂于向人發表他的觀點。
  • At last he broached the subject of the new contract to them.最后他向他們提出新合同的問題。
  • The wounded man uttered a groan.那受傷的人發出痛苦的呻吟。
  • He had had a bad day at work and vented his anger on his family.他整天不順心,便拿家里人出氣。
  • The chairman encouraged us all to voice our opinions.主席鼓勵我們發表自己的意見。
  • air, advocate, agitate for, preach
  • 這組詞語都有“鼓吹”的意思。其區別在于:preach指認為正當或有價值而極力主張; advocate指公開宣揚一種計劃或主張; agitate for則指公開極力宣揚或強烈反對某些政治或社會變革; 而air則指大聲宣揚自己的思想、觀點或抱怨等。
  • atmosphere,air,gas
  • 這些名詞均與空氣有關。
  • atmosphere指圍繞星球,特別是圍繞地球的空氣,即大氣層。也可指環境氣氛。
  • air指空氣,也泛指一般氣體。
  • gas指氣態物,尤指供燃燒取暖或照明的氣體,其中一部分稱作瓦斯。
  • attitude,air,manner
  • 這些名詞均含“態度、風度”之意。
  • attitude普通用詞,指對人或事情的看法和采取的行為,多有某種不很明確或不便明說的感情色彩。
  • air含義廣泛。單數形式指某人臉上表現出的心理活動,或言談舉止;復數形式指某人故意做作而擺出的架子。
  • manner多指某人在某一場合的言談舉止等。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      別對我擺架子!

      Don't put on airs to me!

      Don't put on airs with me!

      表示“對…擺架子”時, put on airs后面用介詞with,不用to。

      他乘飛機來到太原。

      He by air to Taiyuan.

      He came to Taiyuan by air.

      by air是介詞短語,不可用作謂語。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀左右進入英語,直接源自古法語的air,意為充滿天空不可見之氣體;最初源自希臘語的aer,意為吹。
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